thanksgiving pork shoulder roast? or ham?
I've got access to some local pork, bred by friends of mine. Bred to be yummy.
Thinking I'll do that instead of turkey, but I really don't know that much about anything besides pulled pork or chops or bacon or sausage.
Ham or shoulder roast?
How would you prepare it?
Ham,a tad less work to roast and much easier to carve and serve.By your wording I can't tell if you are opting for fresh or cured ham.Cooking,roasting is about the same for both,low temperature,300*f to 325*f.Fresh ham takes longer to cook per pound than wet or partial cure.
Thanksgiving here is 3 spit roasted geese and one ass cheek of pig,AKA "fresh ham",oven roast rather than ham,cured.This pig was also bred to be yummy.A pasture and woods pig on the farm we call home.
The size and how your ham is trimmed makes a difference.Mine will come home with all the skin and fat on,not trimmed for a consumer that "I don't want to pay for the trim I don't eat" now the norm.
I begin in the oven cut edge down,trotter end up with three or four complete long slits through the skin,not into the fat.When the internal temperature is 100*f - 110*f I get it out to trim,a lot of the fat has cooked off and the skin is curling.With a pair of tongs and sharp knife remove the skin with some fat,salt the fat cap generously,lay on its side and return to oven with the loose fatty skin,just as good to eat as the roast when crispy.
Me,I do not cook good pig to the USDA 160*f - 165*f ,I pull for stand time at 120*f -130*f for a finished temp of ? 145*f.
Size and type of ham?How prepped by the butcher?Age of pig?Percentage of fat? your friend,farmer and butcher are your best source of information for starters.
Yep, a good fresh ham is a fine thing - and not too tough to cook. Even if the OP left out your intermediate "trim" step it would still be fine. I tend to pull at 135 or so and agree that 145 is where you want to end up. In fact, the USDA has agreed with us for a couple years now. As you said, all of this assumes that the ham has not been cured (which seems quite unlikely).
One other, basic point for the OP. The "ham" is the hind leg of the pig. The shoulder is cut from the front. There is also a cut that is sometimes referred to as a "picnic ham" which is the lower portion of the front leg.
The reaction here to leaving out "intermediate trim" would be mutinous.Crispy skin brings out the worst of manners in all while I snip it into EQUITABLE pieces.
We are a big group and do Thanksgiving twice,Thursday and Saturday or Sunday with traditional turkey,rotating three houses year in and year out.The geese and ass of the pig are eaten to the bone,all that's left is an oil slick and fumes.NO SKIN would likely get me disowned or lynched.
Ham has been cured and smoked and butcher is suggesting I just put it in a brown paper grocery bag at 200.
I suspect this is not a fresh ham or shoulder and does not need to be cooked, only warmed for serving. Scoring it and covering with a glaze would probably give you the presentation you are looking for.