Have I just killed my peppers
I will start by saying that I am a novice gardener and that yes, I need to be more careful.
Last year the mistake I made most often was letting things go too long so that they bolted and/or went to seed. Bitter lettuce, basil etc... So this year I am on guard, patrolling for the first sign of seed heads on the relevant plants.
I found some today on my narrow leafed varieties of basil and plucked them. Except, those plants weren't basil, they were my jalepenos and serranos! I know, I should have been more careful.
Will the peppers re-flower? Will I still eventually get fruit? Should I pull them and start new peppers?
Any responses greatly appreciated.
Depending on how well the plants are doing, you may have done them a favor really. If they were still pretty small, plucking the flowers should encourage a more substantial plant and root system, potentially resulting in a better crop in the long run. At least, that is my thinking. I would be curious to know what others think about this theory.
Removing the earliest buds will increase total production in large-fruited peppers at the expense of losing the earliest pepper or two. Most of these plants start blooming before the plant is large enough to support a good crop of fruit.
I have not noticed the same phenomenon with small-fruited peppers, which includes most of the hot types. Jalapenos fall in the gray area. In any case these peppers will bloom continuously for a long time and will not be hurt by having a few early blossoms snipped off.