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What counts as "junk food"?

What exactly is junk food?

Some things are obvious ... Soda, candy bars, donuts, etc.

And some things are obviously not junk food ... fruits, vegetables, etc.

But between those two poles is a vast murky middle ground, right?

Take candy bars for example. You say a Snickers bar is junk, but what about a Snickers Dark, which is made out of dark chocolate. Dark chocolate is supposed to have anti-oxidant and other healthful benefits. And, aren't peanuts good for you, which all Snickers bars have? Junk?

And what about something benign like rice cakes. They certainly aren't harmful in the sense that they are full of transfats or high in sodium or sugar, but then they are essentially empty calories -- offering only simple carbs and very little fiber. Junk? If cardboard had calories, we would just call them rice cakes and make the dictionary one word less voluminous.

Or, how about cheese pizza? Cheese is high in calcium and protein. Tomato sauce is high in anti-oxidants and vitamins and minerals. Is the problem that the crust may be made from white flour? What if it was a whole-wheat crust? Still junk?

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  1. It is a misnomer and absurd to call any food that makes one happy "junk." Is vodka, or tequilla a "junk" beverage because its nutrients are minimal?

    1 Reply
    1. re: beevod

      The trouble with this is defining happiness, particularly the relationship between long term happiness and short term happiness. To a smoker, a cigarette certainly provides happiness. The trouble is that it's short term happiness. In the long term, chances are that cigarette is providing substantial levels of unhappiness. Poor physical health is one of the leading contributors to the causation of a wide range of psychological and emotional issues which all lead to a state of life most would classify as general unhappiness. Unhealthy eating is, in the US, the current leading cause of avoidable health issues.
      Now, to be fair, eating unhealthy foods in moderation isn't likely to lead to health problems, addiction, or contribute significantly to a state of unhappiness. Smoking cigarettes in moderation similarly has been demonstrated to have a negligible effect on health, mental or physical. Unfortunately, in the case of both unhealthy foods and cigarettes, most consumers who use the product are not using it in moderation. The same, fortunately, cannot be said of alcohol, most consumers of which are using the product in moderation.
      To me, this makes it perfectly fair to label, say, Funyuns as junk food. If we can't diss crap like that, we can't diss cigarettes either.

    2. This is an interesting one to ponder, ipsedixit (BTW, have I ever mentioned how much I appreciate your name? I teach Latin!).

      I think my answer to that question can be answered with a simple xy graph -- the x axis being "level of factory processing" and the y axis being "unhealthiness". So something could have a high y but a low x -- high in fat, or pure carbs, or whatever, but unprocessed (I'm thinking heavy cream, or brains, or something) -- and I wouldn't call it "junk food." BUT, the converse wouldn't necessarily be true. Even something lowfat, or low carb, or whatever, that bears no resemblance to any ingredient found in nature (fat free Twinkies, light beer *wink*), I would label as "junk" in almost every situation.

      Which, I guess, makes the whole graph thing break down, doggonit.

      So a simple answer would be: junk food is anything that, through extensive processing, becomes a product whose component ingredients are unidentifiable.

      Your specific examples -- I'd call snickers bars junk in all their iterations, even with almonds. Factory processing, presence of HFCS, and quality of ingredients push this one over to the "junk" side. Rice cakes -- not junk, but why bother? Eat a bowl of rice crispies instead. ;) Totino's frozen cheese pizza, definitely junk. Super-processed. My homemade pizza, or the one from the gourmet joint down the street that uses San Marzano tomatoes and locally made mozzarella and basil from the herb garden out back is definitely NOT junk. In fact, I would like some of that mythical pizza right this minute!

      All this is said with tongue firmly in cheek, FWIW! :)

      Valete, y'all!

      2 Replies
      1. re: LauraGrace

        Your graph breaks down because the two variables - processing and unhealthiness - are not independent.

        1. re: Sam Fujisaka

          Blast! Curse my mediocre graphing skills!! *shakes fist at the heavens*


      2. This is a no-brainer. Junk food has calories, but little or no nutritional value. I think we all know it when we see it. Some examples are ice cream, potato chips, pork rinds, you get the idea.

        4 Replies
        1. re: pikawicca

          Maybe not. Don't underestimate a groundswell of people in denial wanting their favorites to be worth something. You had me going until the pork rinds. ;-)

          1. re: pikawicca

            Wait! Isn't there calcium in ice cream? Do you mean to tell me that I've been eating ice cream all these years and my bones are no better for it? Impossible, I say!!! And, what about my nightly red wine? Are you telling me that it has no value for my heart? Impossible, I say!!!! Now, the potato chips, I'm just might have to agree with that assessment.

            1. re: bucksguy14

              When it comes down to it, ice cream is just cold sweet grease. Good red wine is divine no matter how you drink it.

            2. re: pikawicca

              I wouldn't quite call ice cream junk food (that is not an excuse, I don't eat it because of the cow's milk and the white sugar, two things I don't eat). It does contain calcium and other minerals.

              It is a problem when one is talking about food that is too fatty, sweet, salty or high in calories but does contain significant nutrients - such as nuts for example.

            3. I see good opinions here, but I'm thinking it will end up being too subjective to define, due mostly to beevod's post, which is absolutely on the money.

              1. Junk food is in the eye of the beholder. What I consider junk food may be the nutritional highlight of your week. I would say that foods that are highly processed, have high bad fat and/or sugar content, and use questionable quality of ingredients are junk, but my judgment would vary on a case by case basis. Recchiuti's burnt caramel = delicious, special treat; Rolo's = junk food. That's just me.

                1. I think the idea of junk food has more to do with quality than nutrition. Enjoying bacon wrapped figs, a beautiful cheese or a hand crafted pastry is a high calorie indulgence. Scarfing down a candy bar or a bag of chips is not satisfying, it is simply a waste of fat and calories. I suppose if you savor candy and chips it could be indulgent, but it is made to be a quick, cheap snack, not a special experience and I think that makes it junk.

                  2 Replies
                  1. re: hungryfi

                    That's a really good point... when I indulge a craving for chips, I generally just eat & eat, definitely *not* savoring; when I make myself a batch of buttered popcorn, however, I do tend to eat it slowly & enjoy. Both arguably 'junk' but I guess popcorn is more healthful, as long as I practice restraint with the butter. >drool<

                    1. re: hungryfi

                      This is pretty much how I define junk food.

                    2. Ask people in Haiti what junk food is. Food provides sustenance in it's most basic form. If a food contains calories it has nutritional value - it will provide sustenance. Since the beginning of time, man has preserved food in one way or another - drying, canning, freezing, so sneering at "processing" is ridiculous. We process foods in our kitchens before we consume them! Does that turn them into "junk"?

                      5 Replies
                      1. re: food smarts

                        Who's sneering? ;) Besides which, the "processing" I do in my kitchen (chopping, mixing, sauteing, baking, roasting -- even drying, canning, and freezing) is a tiny shade of the amount of processing done in a factory, where you're talking about chemical leaveners and emulsifiers, adjuncts, preservatives, artificial colorants and flavoring agents, etc. that are inevitable in, say, Twinkies and Cheetos.

                        You're not suggesting that it's ideal for folks to live on Twinkies and Cheetos and Dr. Pepper, I'm sure, since they are extremely calorie-dense.

                        I'm not a member of the food police by any stretch -- I think legislating the definitions of what is and is not food is ridiculous, but I think adding a descriptive term to the beginning of food to clarify its quality or characteristics is fine. "Nutritious" food, "gourmet" food, "junk" food, etc.

                        1. re: LauraGrace

                          Hey, lay off the Twinkies and Cheetos!!!

                          Kidding....... and yes, we don't need any more Food Police, thank you. Everything in moderation........

                          1. re: Phurstluv

                            Moderation.....I'll dwink to dat.........:)

                            1. re: Uncle Bob

                              Raisin' my glass to ya right now, friend!!!!

                          2. re: LauraGrace

                            " I think legislating the definitions of what is and is not food is ridiculous..."

                            Maybe it would be if we knew exactly where all of our food came from and the conditions under which it was manufactured, and/or trusted the corporations that make it. Sadly, this is not true for most if not all of us.

                        2. Surely it's a case of balance?

                          If you eat a proper meal, let's just say stew, you will get a certain rounded set of nutrients and vitamins. If you eat junk food, the balance is tilted vastly towards an excess of salt, fat, calories, sugar etc.

                          That's how I'd class it.

                          1. 'Junk Food'? you are debating a 'buzz word' that the media created to label stuff the health nuts want to attack. many of the foods listed in the discussion could be considered 'junk', but why the undertone of guilt if you eat it? Twinkies, chips, beer, pork rinds, rice cakes, ice cream, snickers - all have their time and place for eating. A party with no chips or beer? Coffee break without a bit of sweets - like a Twinkie or a highly artistic and delicious cupcake? A Snickers bar (any flavor) can hit the spot for me during a high energy activity (like shoveling 18 inches of snow yesterday). Ice cream on a hot summer evening after a relaxing BBQ dinner with a bunch of friends....?
                            Junk food is only junk if you think it is......then just don't eat it.
                            But please don't try to make me feel guilty about eating it!

                            BTW - rice cakes can be tasty if you eat the Asian versions - not the 'diet' versions for the mass American market.

                            1 Reply
                            1. re: makanhounds

                              It's human natre to label things - but I can't disagree with your core point.

                            2. I really love this topic. My favorite story about junk food is when a bear broke into our car and ate the anti-freeze but NOT the rice crackers. That was the last time I bought rice crackers.
                              Processed food is a scourge and should be avoided at all costs if you want to stay healthy. That is, except for ice cream (calcium and protein?) and the occasional dark chocolate.

                              5 Replies
                              1. re: spm

                                Would you consider ice cream and dark chocolate to be "processed foods?" I guess it depends on how they were made, but I don't think those would be on my list of highly processed foods.

                                1. re: spm

                                  but since anti freeze is poison, maybe you shouldn't take nutritional advice from that particular bear...

                                  one of my friends did a no-processed-food diet for a couple of weeks...we had fun debating the merits. Is peanut butter processed? well, yeah. no doubt. is it bad for you? is whole wheat bread bad for you? it took a lot of processing to turn that stalk of wheat into flour.

                                  1. re: danna

                                    Yes, "processed" is a relative term. My favorite example of a good processed food is tofu.

                                    1. re: danna

                                      There was an interesting discussion along these lines on the Media and Food board about molecular gastronomy. Some posters said they don't eat food if it couldn't have been produced 100 years ago (or was it 1000?). So, wheat could be processed back then as could all natural peanut butter but not Jif. It doesn't mean the appliances that we use today, eg ice cream could be made w/out a freezer.

                                      1. re: danna

                                        My favourite peanut butter is just peanuts, ground up with a tiny bit of salt. No extra hydrogenated oils, no sugars, nothing. How is that any more "processed" than a finely chopped onion? Or ground beef?

                                        "Processed" to me implies food that has undergone processes that you cannot replicate in the AVERAGE home kitchen. So, flash freezing, hydrogenation, etc., are the types of things that might make a food processed. Just cutting, or grinding doesn't fill the bill, IMHO.

                                    2. Hi there... To me, something ceases to be 'junk food' the moment that a plate and utensils accompanies (and improves) the consumption/enjoyment thereof. Remember the Seinfeld episode where Elaine observes her fastidious employer Mr. Pitt eating a Snickers bar with plate, knife and fork (thereby causing George to begin following suit and modeling the behavior to his corporate peers)? I've munched on a slice of pizza walking on the Venice Beach boardwalk (junk food), and I've as well partaken of pizza with plate/utensils at the Silverton/Batali venue Pizzeria Mozza (not junk food). Burning the calories (pun intended) to actually wield a knife/fork/spoon, set down said utensils while I chew, and then assessing the remaining edible environment (the chow) awaiting further _considered_ choices (on my plate) would seem to elevate the chow into non-junk food realm. Though I suppose that would make those foie gras 'lollipops' I've heard about, technically, junk food...

                                      1. If it's served thru your car window, it's junk food
                                        if it's cereal that makes the milk turn a different color, it's junk food
                                        if you get your fuel from the same place your car does, it's junk food

                                        Courtesy of my food guru, Michael Pollan

                                        12 Replies
                                        1. re: Rmis32

                                          If they feed it to cattle to make them gain weight and have streaks of fat marbling in their muscles, it'll do the same to you. :-)

                                          1. re: mcf

                                            Yes, we used to say that you are what you eat. Now we say that you are what, what you eat, eats.

                                            1. re: Rmis32

                                              If what you eat eats, period, it's meat (or at least fish). Thus not junk food per se, though it can become such through overprocessing. Welcome to the top of the food chain.

                                              1. re: BobB

                                                Some of us think meat's junk food it it eats corn and grain in a feedlot, laced with animal byproducts, hormones and antibiotics. Meat can be junk food before it's processed, unless you define feedlot practices as processing, then I'd agree.

                                                1. re: mcf

                                                  I can see why some people get to that point of view, but it's extreme - VERY extreme. To equate your average supermarket sirloin with a Twinkie, to my mind, is beyond fringe. But feel free to think so if you like.

                                                  1. re: BobB

                                                    I didn't equate them, I think the Twinkie is much worse. But the meat in the supermarket, compared to grass fed, has terrible cumulative health effects both in our bodies and due to its effect on our environment.

                                                    Not equal, but both with junk characteristics.

                                                    1. re: mcf

                                                      Ah, so now we're just talking about "junk characteristics." By which definition anything that's not strictly from the crunchy-granola-organic end of the food spectrum qualifies as junk.

                                                      Personally I'm not so paranoid. Anything I buy fresh and cook for myself is not junk food. What is? In the immortal words of Justice Potter Stewart, "I may not be able to define it but I know it when I see it."

                                                      1. re: BobB

                                                        No paranoia involved; I just have different criteria than yours when assessing food quality.

                                                      2. re: mcf

                                                        "the meat in the supermarket, compared to grass fed, has terrible cumulative health effects"

                                                        Please cite either sources, or at least list some of these effects so that others could research them.

                                                        1. re: cowboyardee

                                                          I've done so before on other threads, and am paying attention to the fact that CH moderators don't want this to turn into a medical board. But if you're truly interested, you can certainly find info on the environmental damage, antibiotic resistance issues and the pro inflammatory lipid and biochemical profile of feedlot beef as compared to grass fed.

                                                          1. re: mcf

                                                            I would find it very strange (and horrible) to think that the mods are perfectly cool with people making broad medical claims on these boards but not with them citing any real reasons for believing said claims.

                                                            I don't have any problems with your claims - I just think people telling others what is [un]healthy from what appears to be a scientific perspective should be prepared to list their reasons for believing so.

                                                            1. re: cowboyardee

                                                              I am well prepared to do so, but that's not what CH is for. I provided you with the areas to check out for yourself if you have a genuine interest in the issue, so happy reading. :-)

                                                              Here's the relevent post from the mods, at the end:


                                          2. I had this problem when my kids went to school and there was a "no junk food" rule. Okay, potato chips out. Pretzels? Where do they fall? Spelt pretzels seem fine to me but regular ones? Cookies? Probably not but what if I used whole wheat flour and made them low fat? Banana bread? It was all too murky for me. I think I'm the only parent who stressed about it.

                                            1 Reply
                                            1. re: chowser

                                              Jeez, I wish my school had that rule. We don't have a hot lunch program (very small private school) and you should see some of the absolute unmitigated garbage my students eat -- hot dogs, nuked on styrofoam plates, three days a week, frozen Kid Kuisine meals or lunchables the other two days...

                                            2. I know it when I see it.

                                              1. Simple: junk food is any food you, or the person next to you, or the person next to him, does not approve of. It is thus a worthless concept.

                                                1. This post was timed perfectly! Recently, my family and I were playing the word game Scattegories. The chosen letter was H and the category was Junk Food. I wanted two points, so I wrote Hamburger Helper. In my mind, that's the epitomy of junk food, but everyone else disagreed. Thoughts from a Chow perspective?

                                                  15 Replies
                                                  1. re: invinotheresverde

                                                    I would have counted it, because of the subjectivity of the term. I wouldn't call hamburger helper junk food, but the argument can easily be made that it is. It's certainly a nutritionally poor meal.

                                                    1. re: invinotheresverde

                                                      Hmm... good one. I'd say it's not junk food in the purest sense of the term, which I'd reserve for crap that you take right out of its wrapper and shove into your mouth. Part of what makes junk food junk food is that the effort factor should be nil. Still pretty much crap, though.

                                                      1. re: BobB

                                                        Have you seen these self-contained microwavable Hamburger Helper meals?

                                                        Not saying whether HH are junk food ...

                                                        1. re: ipsedixit

                                                          No, I haven't really looked at Hamburger Helper for - well, ever. Interesting. But the blurb on the product page is disturbing:

                                                          "One of life's simple pleasures is to relax after a busy day and enjoy a good meal with ones you love. Hamburger Helper dinner mixes bring families to the dinner table for a hearty, wholesome meal."

                                                          On a product page for a microwaveable dinner for ONE. How sad is that?

                                                      2. re: invinotheresverde

                                                        Hi... Re: Hamburger Helper - I've never made/ate it, but isn't its concept to 'stretch' a protein (ground beef) with a bulk/filler product (the Helper ingredients), to feed as many as possible for as little $ as possible? Junk food seems to carry the taint of an individual or solo indulgence, as opposed to the feed-the-family for less than $5 motivation with Hamburger Helper. Much as I would not consider Cream of Mushroom soup (as an inexpensive casserole 'sauce') as a junk food. There is an altruism (for lack of a better term) that seems to accompany the lowly Hamburger Helper, in its mission to feed many hungry pie-holes at dinner time...

                                                        1. re: invinotheresverde


                                                          Hamburger Helper is a tough one. I think what counts as junk food is all relative.

                                                          Compared to an apple, Hamburger Helper would probably be junk. Compared to Cheetos? Not junk.

                                                          So I guess it would depend on what other people had put down in the H category for junk food ...

                                                          How's that for a non-answer answer? :-)

                                                            1. re: ipsedixit

                                                              That was an answer a lawyer would have drafted! ;)

                                                              1. re: mollyomormon

                                                                Uh, ahem, I guess I'll take that as a compliment ...

                                                              2. re: ipsedixit

                                                                I'd call Hamburger Helper more "stupid, unneccessary food" than junk food. You can stretch the ground meat with normal pasta, an onion, a few dried herbs and spices, for a fraction of the cost.

                                                                1. re: lagatta

                                                                  As I mentioned to BobB above, have you seen these self-contained microwavable Hamburger Helper meals?

                                                                  1. re: lagatta

                                                                    Really, that would be cheaper? I don't know. I've recently doctored up a blue box with some ground beef, shrooms, bell peppers, and lots of hot sauce. The mac n cheese was 50 cents, plus the rest. I don't think there is pasta out there that is as cheap AND comes with that delicious neon-orange "cheese" sauce. It was absolutely delightful :-D

                                                                2. re: invinotheresverde

                                                                  I'd say junk food but then there was a discussion on the Home Cooking board that a home made cake is just as processed as a cake mix cake so there's obviously a wide range of opinions. But, then I'd also say hamburger can be considered junk food. What else is McDonald's burger if not junk food.

                                                                  1. re: invinotheresverde

                                                                    5 months later and you're still not over it. Hamburger Helper is NOT junk food. It's not the healthiest of things to eat, but it's not junk food. Also, an oboe is not a metal instrument.

                                                                    1. re: invinotheresasister

                                                                      Hamburger Helper is processed beyond belief. It's loaded with sodium. Junk food!

                                                                  2. I would say that junk food is generally those foods that are "out of balance" where some negative(s) outweighs the positives so it's a net negative. For instance, there's so much fat, calories, sugar, sodium, etc. that it eclipses the positive nutritional value of the food.

                                                                    Additionally, junk foods are also those "processed foods" where there is a lot in the food that is not identifyable as food (chemicals, preservatives, etc.). Those things are edible, but are not food (you wouldn't eat them alone and/or wouldn't derive nutritional value from them).

                                                                    71 Replies
                                                                    1. re: akq

                                                                      "I would say that junk food is generally those foods that are "out of balance" where some negative(s) outweighs the positives so it's a net negative. For instance, there's so much fat, calories, sugar, sodium, etc. that it eclipses the positive nutritional value of the food."

                                                                      What about something like butter or lard? Totally out of balance b/c both are essentially pure fat. Junk?

                                                                      "Additionally, junk foods are also those "processed foods" where there is a lot in the food that is not identifyable as food (chemicals, preservatives, etc.). Those things are edible, but are not food (you wouldn't eat them alone and/or wouldn't derive nutritional value from them)."

                                                                      Nutrition and/or energy bars (e.g. Clif Bars) are processed and have lots of stuff I couldn't identify because I flunked Chemistry 1A in college. Junk? Even most commercial wheat bread is processed with lots and lots of perservatives. Junk?

                                                                      1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                        Not sure about the Clif bars but butter or lard? That's an ingredient. No one (well, almost no one, I hope) is grabbing a stick of butter and calling it lunch.

                                                                        1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                          I think butter and lard are junk food, by themselves (I mean, come on, if you eat a pat of butter alone how is that not junk food?). They may, however, be ingredients in non-junk depending on what you combine them with. Put a little bit of butter and spices on steamed veggies? not junk. Mix butter, white flour and sugar for a shortbread cookie? junk food.

                                                                          Nutrition and/or energy bars like cliff bars are total junk food. So are "energy drinks" like monster and red bull. Same with a lot of commercial breads and other products. Plus, I said not identifiable "as food" (qua food) - meaning, that while "modified food starch" and "maltodextrin" are edible (and appear in the ingredients list for the rice cakes in my desk drawer), if presented with those ingredients alone I would never identify them as food and eat them (e.g. "tonight I am going to eat a big bowl of maltodextrin with a side of modified food starch for dinner!").

                                                                          I guess I'd add a lot of "convinience foods" to the "junk food" list. That doesn't mean no one should ever eat them, but that they shouldn't make up the bulk of your diet (as opposed to whole grains, fresh/frozen/unprocessed produce and lean meats which should). I am surprised that what I am writing is controversial...

                                                                          1. re: akq

                                                                            Ok, I guess butter/lard is more ingredient than anything else. Sort of like Hamburger Helper.

                                                                            But with energy bars, I think you have a pretty wide definition of junk food if you consider energy bars and most commercial breads to be junk. I mean, if I were to eat a slice of some random national brand whole wheat bread would you accuse me of eating junk?

                                                                            Not saying you are wrong or right, just thinking aloud that's all ...

                                                                            1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                              If pressed, I would say that most energy bars and commercial bread is junk food. If you look at most commercial bread, there is almost no whole grain and very low dietary fiber, plus high calories and carbs. I LOVE white sandwich bread, don't get me wrong, but it's junk food. Some are better than others - you can get commercial bread with some dietary fiber and whole grains and fortified with vitamins, but those are generally the exceptions.

                                                                              With energy bars - I personally just don't like them, so I am not an exepert by any means. Many of the bars are high calorie (that's what gives you the energy) and high fat. Plus, you're generally better off eating fruits/veggies/whole grains/lean meats than the bars any day.

                                                                              1. re: akq

                                                                                So, I take it you bake all your own bread....after you mill your own wheat stalks into flour....

                                                                                1. re: Phurstluv

                                                                                  I also don't eat most commercial bread for this reason or bake my own. Instead, I've found the few brands that do use whole grains and have a lot of fiber or I buy from local bakeries that do the same.

                                                                                  1. re: Phurstluv

                                                                                    I never said I don't eat junk food...but I try to minimize the junk and maximize the better stuff. Not always successful, but I do try. Don't most people?

                                                                                    1. re: akq

                                                                                      I don't really care what most people do or don't do. I don't judge people by what they eat or buy at the store.

                                                                                      What my comment was about was that you eschew "most commercial bread" so do you grow your own wheat and bake your own bread to avoid it being like commercial brands. If you're like me, who doesn't have the time to do that, then you probably end up buying some type of commercial product. Maybe your bread has more fiber or whole grain in it, but if I don't like how it tastes, what's the point of me buying it? So I don't.

                                                                                  2. re: akq

                                                                                    I DO eat a lot of energy bars, and for the record, here's the ingredient list of a chocolate PowerBar:


                                                                                    Obviously, that's a lot of sugar...but that's the purpose, to fuel up before activity. I don't see that any of the other ingredients are particularly concerning.

                                                                                    1. re: danna

                                                                                      Hence the name "energy" bars. Sugar-free wouldn't work.

                                                                                      1. re: chowser

                                                                                        If sugar were the true culprit, what would one say about (oh, I don't know ..) an apple? A banana? Basically all sugar and carbs ...

                                                                                        I don't think any of us are saying a Clif Bar (or other simliar bars) are the paragon of healthy eating per se, but these bars certainly don't fall in the "junk food" bin ... me thinks.

                                                                                        1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                          That's what I said below about sugar, and fat, too. I think Clif bars have their place, above junk food. But, I don't think the average couch potato needs to be eating them. I rarely have them but it's great for my son who plays 4 hours of tennis, needs a quick high calorie bite to eat before a long TKD practice and I don't consider it junk food, not like I would a Snickers bar which I guess would serve the purpose, too, and make him much happier.

                                                                                          1. re: chowser

                                                                                            Anyway, as this discussion shows, it's impossible to draw the line between what is junk and what is not. There are many shades of gray.

                                                                                        2. re: chowser

                                                                                          That's not entirely true. While I think the energy bars are fine if you are really burning all those calories in your workout - though there are much better sources of the calories, and I personally don't want to replace the calories I burn working out - you don't need sugar for energy. The Khoisan hunter gatherers of southern Africa - whose genetics and lifestyle are most similar of all humans to those of the first modern humans of about 200,000 years ago - travel an average of 20 miles a day on foot through rough terrain. A typical hunt involves a 10 mile run to exhaust prey. Their diet involves no grains or refined sugars and very little fruit.
                                                                                          I'm not advocating a hunter gatherer diet, but if they don't need sugar to run ten miles across the Khalahari, no one needs sugar to work out.

                                                                                          1. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                            As a modern day American, I like my gu for long distance runs/workouts, as does every marathon runner I know. :-) But, I'm sure the Khoisan hunters don't wear high priced running shoes w/ orthotics like we do, either. I've never said it can't be done w/out energy shots/etc. but they are effective, and recommended.

                                                                                            I actually rarely eat Clif bars but know people who love them for post-long run refueling. Portable and quick, high calories when you need them.

                                                                                            1. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                              I don't believe Chowser was saying that one "needs" sugar for energy.

                                                                                              Rather, I think the point was that sugar provides a readily and digestible source of energy.

                                                                                              Of course we all know that basically anything we eat -- be it fats, carbs or proteins -- will provide us energy and fuel those ATP cells.

                                                                                              So like I said before it's not that we "need" sugar for energy, but that sugars is a good source of readily and easily digestible source of carbs when your glycogen stores have been depleted.

                                                                                              And, really, you don't even want to know what I fuel up with after a long century ride on my bike (hint: it's Mtn. Dew and that thing they call a "Twinkie" ...)

                                                                                              1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                                Hmm, in that case would you consider Mountain Dew and Twinkie to be junk food, or refueling food?;-) I'll bet you max out on number of ingredients ingested in a fuel stop with those.

                                                                                                1. re: chowser

                                                                                                  Mountain Dew + Twinkies is not junk food, I say.

                                                                                                  It's GUNK food. :-)

                                                                                              2. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                                This is interesting, though. I'd love to find out how much glucose stores the Khoisan hunters naturally carry in their bodies, compared to the average American. I'd guess it would be far higher. And, I'd love to know if they would be better hunters, if they had handy dandy packs of gel, or Twinkies, in ipsedixit's case.

                                                                                                1. re: chowser

                                                                                                  Both their fat and glucose stores are lower than is typical of humans in agricultural societies. This has interesting effects on psysiology. For instance, you'll often hear people toss information around about how humans are naturally meant to get married and start pumping out children as teenagers. Khoisan women, however, because their diet and liefstyle allows for little in the way of short term energy storage, do not even become fertile until an average of 18, though the average age of marriage and reproduction is closer to 25. They also are not able to have children more frequently than about once every 3 or 4 years, despite breastfeeding duties often being shared among several women in the tribe. The study of these peoples which began in earnest only within the last 40 years, has thrown a lot of the basic assumptions of anthropology and human physiology out the window.
                                                                                                  Oh, and generally, the tribes that have started eating sugar and carb rich foods stop hunting. They have abandoned their hunter gatherer lifestyle and life on UN grain rations. It's a truly sad thing.

                                                                                                  1. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                                    Interesting. Are there gatherers in their tribe, or is their diet almost all animal protein/fat? Do you know the ratio of their diet (carbs/protein/fat)?

                                                                                                    1. re: chowser

                                                                                                      I don't know the exact breakdowns. They do gather, though they aren't broken down into hunters and gatherers so much. Their societies are remarkably egalitarian. While the men tend to be the ones the actually do the wearing down and killing of prey, simply due to typically being faster runners, the entire tribe typically sets out together to find food. They eat seeds, nuts, grubs, vegetables, and what little fruit grows in the Kalahari, all as they find them. When they find antelope, they chase one until it collapses from heatstroke. I believe nuts are the most important source of calories for the majority of tribes.

                                                                                                2. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                                  Studies have shown that it takes endurance athletes three weeks to adapt to fat burning on ketogenic dieting instead of glucose from dietary sugars..

                                                                                                3. re: chowser

                                                                                                  It would if it had protein; supplies energy that lasts much longer than sugars do.

                                                                                                  1. re: mcf

                                                                                                    If you've just depleted your glucose stores and want to replenish them as quickly as possible for immediate energy, sugars are a better option; hence gus are often pure carbs. If you want to eat breakfast and work out an hour or so later, protein combination would be better. As muscle recovery goes, there have been studies that show pure carbs immediately work best and there have been studies that show combination of protein and carbs work best.

                                                                                                      1. re: mcf

                                                                                                        For weight loss, people have to be careful of calories consumed, whether post workout or not. A study of 10 people really doesn't tell you much, nor is that study peer reviewed, nor does it say the affect of the insulin change, how that translates to results. In the long run, did the people lose more weight, less, etc.? Obviously a low carb meal will have a different insulin response than a high carb meal. As I said above, there are studies that show high carbs work for recovery and there are studies that show that a combination work. You can pick and choose whatever study to fit your argument.

                                                                                                        If a person, whether an athlete or not is lifting weight, then it is important to eat right afterward. If a person is walking for an hour, there is no need to eat after exercising. If a person has run 20 miles, then replenishing muscles is important. That said, I don't think the energy bars are for people who are walking on a treadmill--they're made for athletes who are working long and hard.

                                                                                                        1. re: chowser

                                                                                                          The only folks who need carbs to recover are folks who eat a lot of carbs because their metabolism is accustomed to high levels of available glucose. Folks who don't eat carbs adapt to burning fat for fuel. Endurance athletes have been studied for this effect.

                                                                                                          1. re: mcf

                                                                                                            People will "burn" or use whatever energy source for fuel depending on what they consume -- be it carbs, fats, or proteins. Yes, the human body will adapt to its surrounding conditions -- physiologically and environmentally. So if you feed it more fats than carbs, it will learn to use the former for fuel more efficient. Our bodies certainly are amazing in this respect.

                                                                                                            But, I'm not sure how this makes a certain food "junk" ...?

                                                                                                            Also, mcf, that link to the drugs.com site is relevant, how? That study simply shows that consuming calories "may" affect weight loss. Well, you know what? Not everyone works out to lose weight. I know I don't.

                                                                                                            1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                                              That study made no sense at all to me. By pushing the time frame to 3 hours after a workout, it made exercise irrelevant to the study at all. What it seemed to show is that 10 overweight people (keeping in mind that overweight people have higher rates of diabetes and prediabetes) were affected differently by high carb and low carb diets. It never even showed a result of a difference in weight change. This is the reason we have so many myths floating around: "Dairy helps you lose weight!" People don't look at the details of a study, devil and all.

                                                                                                            2. re: mcf

                                                                                                              Do you any links, to peer reviewed studies, that show that? That's not what I've read in any of my personal training books, CEUs or classes I've taken. Your body burns fat for fuel, when it's used up available glucose, if it's working at a higher intensity (hence hitting the wall for marathoners); or when it's working at low intensity, eg. a slow walk will predominantly burn fat over glucose. Anyone who works at a higher intensity will be burn more glucose for fuel. It has nothing to do with "their metabolism is accustomed to high levels of available glucose." It is more complicated than burning one or the other but that's a simplistic explanation.

                                                                                                              1. re: chowser


                                                                                                                I agree with you. From what I understand, when your body starts to require fuel for energy, it will first start with carbs (or your glycogen stores), then fat, then finally muscle (or protein).

                                                                                                                This is why some people advocate fasting for 12 hours before a cardio workout if the goal is to lose weight and/or burn fat. Dunno if it actually makes a significant difference, but that's the theory anyways.

                                                                                                                1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                  I'm posting these because you've requested them, but they may be deleted since this is developing into a scientific, not chowish area, though I do believe they're on topic:



                                                                                                                  Metabolism. 1983 Aug;32(8):769-76. Related Articles, Links

                                                                                                                  The human metabolic response to chronic ketosis without caloric
                                                                                                                  restriction: preservation of submaximal exercise capability with
                                                                                                                  reduced carbohydrate oxidation.

                                                                                                                  Phinney SD, Bistrian BR, Evans WJ, Gervino E, Blackburn GL.

                                                                                                                  Absolutely, your body will burn available glucose/glycogen first, then fat, then protein. UNLESS you don't store much glycogen, hence the fat burning advantage of carb restriction.

                                                                                                                  1. re: mcf

                                                                                                                    We're talking about two different things. I'm talking about immediately refueling your body after a workout, not about long term diet or the effect of ketogenesis on performance (which, again, you'll find contradictory studies on the effect of it but far more that show its deleterious effect on performance--hence, athletes train more with carbs and you'll find few, if any, recommendations for a ketogenic diet for marathon training). While the studies you posted talked about compostition of diet, I didn't see where it talked about types of fuel burned during the exercise. Your body can take in energy from different sources and convert it to what is needed; hence, if you eat too many calories of refined carbs, your body will store it as fat, not as glucose.

                                                                                                                    1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                      I believe I posted a recent citation about the effects of exercise being negated by carb fuel afterward, but I also think we're off the board topic here overall.

                                                                                                                      1. re: mcf

                                                                                                                        Yes, I recall the study you posted of 10 people that didn't have much of a conclusion because they found the same effect three hours after the exercise, also. There's just too much misinformation out there based on misread/misunderstood/poorly conducted/misinterpreted studies, IMO.

                                                                                                                        1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                          I always say, your body, your science experiment. Just do what seems to work best for you individually, ultimately, and don't fail to question authorities.

                                                                                                                          1. re: mcf

                                                                                                                            maybe time to take this subthread elsewhere?

                                                                                                                            1. re: linguafood

                                                                                                                              I thought my last post clearly signaled a complete end to the conversation. For my part, anyhoo. You're right.

                                                                                              3. re: akq

                                                                                                Ingredients in a clif bar:

                                                                                                Ingredients: Organic Brown Rice Syrup, ClifPro® (Soy Rice Crisp [Soy Protein Isolate, Rice Flour, Barley Malt Extract, Calcium Carbonate], Organic Roasted Soybeans, Organic Soy Flour), Organic Rolled Oats, Dried Apricots (Apricots, Evaporated Cane Juice, Rice Flour, Citric Acid, Ascorbic Acid), Organic Evaporated Cane Juice, ClifCrunch® (Organic Oat Fiber, Inulin [Chicory Extract], Organic Milled Flaxseed, Organic Oat Bran, Psyllium), Organic Dried Apples, Organic Date Paste, Organic Sunflower Oil, Natural Flavors, Citric Acid, Salt, Colored With Annatto

                                                                                                1. re: chowser

                                                                                                  Yup - the very first ingredient is a sweetner. The bar has 250 calories, 3g fat, 45g carbs, 21g sugar..that's a lot of sugar. It's certainly not the worst thing you could eat, but it's not the best, either, imo.

                                                                                                  1. re: akq

                                                                                                    That certainly is not junk to me.

                                                                                                    Why is a sweetner automatically junk in your book? Is honey, then, by your logic, also junk? Pure fruit juice? Junk also?

                                                                                                    1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                                      A sweetner isn't automatically junk in my book. I was pointing out that the first ingredient (and I think they list ingredients by volume, right?) on the list is a sweetner. The clif bar isn't the worst thing in the world and if someone is looking for calories, they can certainly get it from a clif bar...but they can also get calories a lot of other places. Is a clif bar the best place to get them? Nope. Is it the worst? Nope. Most people, myself included, would not benefit from a clif bar (too high cal, I am not an athlete, etc.) like we would from other foods. That doesn't mean clif bars are horrible.

                                                                                                      I do count fruit juice in the junk category (obvs added sugar makes it junk, but even without added sugar, all juice is is fruit (not junk) minus fiber, which pushes it in the junk category for me.

                                                                                                      1. re: akq

                                                                                                        "I do count fruit juice in the junk category (obvs added sugar makes it junk, but even without added sugar, all juice is is fruit (not junk) minus fiber, which pushes it in the junk category for me."


                                                                                                        So a V8 is junk food to you, then?

                                                                                                        What about that popular homemade tonic ginger-honey drink for sore throats? It's basically just sugar (honey) water with some ginger essence. Junk in your book?

                                                                                                        1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                                          I'd guess that based on my earlier posts, you can guess my answer to those questions. HOWEVER, I am not sure that my labeling it "junk food" has the same meaning for me that it does for you. Just because something is, to me, "junk food" doesn't necessarily mean it shouldn't ever be consumed...

                                                                                                          The V8 juice can be junk food or not, depending on how it's used, I guess. It would be more beneficial to actually eat the veggies that go into the V8 rather than drinking the juice. Whether the honey/ginger water is junk food depends, also, on how it's used. Is it 2:1 honey to water, drunk by the liter daily? Junk food. Is it a drizzle of honey with ginger used as a tonic? Not junk food.

                                                                                                        2. re: akq

                                                                                                          Fruit juice does not lack fiber. Most fruit is not a good source of insoluble fiber, but many fruits are among the best sources of soluble fiber. Many juices retain a significant enough percentage of their soluble fiber to be very healthy. A glass of prune juice, for instance, has more than the daily recommended amount of fiber.

                                                                                                          1. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                                            Prune juice isn't generally "juiced" it's pureed, so it retains the fiber in the whole prunes, unlike juices (like orange and apple) that remove the solids (and thus remove the fiber). A lot of commercial prune juice, like other types of juices, has significant added sugar, which, imo, negates some of the positive aspects and moves it into the "junk" category.

                                                                                                            1. re: akq

                                                                                                              I asked earlier, but you never answered.

                                                                                                              Why do you consider sugar an automatic negative, so as to "negate[] some of the positive aspects" of food and thereby "mov[ing] it into the 'junk' category"?

                                                                                                              1. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                                                I don't consider sugar an automatic negative - it's in a lot of healthy foods. However, most of what I've been taught about healthy eating generally includes limiting excess added sugar. One way (shorthand, sure, but a common way) that nutritionists and doctors have suggested to do this is to read the ingredient list and generally avoid products where added sweetners are in the first several ingredients.

                                                                                                              2. re: akq

                                                                                                                A lot of packaged commercial anything have added crap that makes them unhealthy. A bad version of a food existing doesn't make that food unhealthy.
                                                                                                                I'm guessing that by juicing you mean squeezing, in which case few commercial juice are prepared that way. Most are pureed or crushed, then strained. The soluble fiber is not removed, which would be a difficult and expensive process. The insoluble fiber is lost, but, again, fruit just isn't a great source of that to start with.
                                                                                                                I'm not claiming all fruit juices are healthy; this is certainly not the case. But many do have a substantial amount of fiber, and many that don't are healthy for a variety of other reasons. Many juices are also quite incorrectly assumed to be unhealthy as well. Commercial apple juice is crap, but people lump apple cider, which is quite healthy, in with it and assume it's also crap. Lumping different products together and making generalizations just doesn't work.

                                                                                                                1. re: danieljdwyer

                                                                                                                  Which juices have a substantial amount of fiber? And which prune juice has a day's worth of fiber per glass? I am not aware of these juices, but I am certainly interested to learn about them as I do like juice but don't drink it much for the reasons I've mentioned. Just because fruit isn't a great source of fiber doesn't mean it should be discounted - generally it's tough for the average American to consume sufficient fiber and so getting into the habit of choosing the higher fiber choice is a good thing...

                                                                                                                  The question isn't whether you can get any nutritional benefit from juices - obviously you can. The question that I was answering was whether I'd lump juices (generally) into junk food category and I would (generally). There may be exceptions to that, but I don't know of any specifically.

                                                                                                                  Maybe this would help - if we agree that fruits are part of a healthy diet - would it be healthier for someone to eat the whole fruit or drink only the juice from the fruit? What I've been taught is that it's healthier to eat the whole fruit rather than drink the juice for a lot of reasons, including (1) more fiber in whole fruit, (2) no added sugar in whole fruit as opposed to a lot of commercial juices, and (3) calories - it's must easier to drink excess calories in fruit juice than to consume those calories in whole fruit.

                                                                                                                  If the juice is in lieu of soda or if the person wouldn't otherwise eat the whole fruit, juice is probably a decent idea in moderation. However, an average person (without a calorie deficit or some other special circumstance) asked me whether they'd be better off eating an orange or drinking a glass of orange juice, I'd say eat the orange.

                                                                                                                  1. re: akq

                                                                                                                    Sounds like we basically agree. Whole fruits are certainly a better choice than juices. I'll admit I'm not terribly familiar with the nutritional content of commercial juices, as I don't buy much in the way of packaged or prepared foods of any kind. I do buy apple cider from a few different local cider mills. An 8 ounce serving of that contains 4-5 grams of fiber, so if I have a 12 ounce mug of hot cider for breakfast on a fall morning, that's about a quarter of my daily fiber needs. Would I be better off just eating an apple? Absolutely, but chances are I'd drinking the cider because I am either running late or don't feel like eating. I'm better off drinking the cider than skipping breakfast. I suppose that's how I would define junk food: are you better off consuming it or consuming nothing (discounting potential starvation as a factor)?
                                                                                                                    In terms of what juices have substantial fiber, in terms of "a lot", I'm not sure, beyond prune juice. I should have phrased that differently, as what I mean was more that a lot of juices retain a substantial portion of the fiber of the fruit even when strained. I know berry juices retain most of the soluble fiber from the berry, as do fruit juices from the prunus family (peaches, plums, cherries, apricots, et cetera), and pomaceous fruits (apples, pears, quinces, et cetera). My assumption would be that pulpier fruits like citrus and pineapple retain very little fiber, and the fruits themselves probably don't have much in the way of soluble fiber to begin with.
                                                                                                                    Surprisingly, nutrition.gov has almost no information on this. I had to look through the nutrition data given in the recipe booklet that came with my juicer.

                                                                                                        3. re: akq

                                                                                                          Well, it is for a purpose--it is an energy bar and glucose/fructose/sweetener is the best way to refuel your body after a workout, or during a long distance event. I don't consider gu to be junk food, similarly, because it's the fastest way to get glucose to the muscles during endurance events.

                                                                                                          And, as ipsedixit said, sweetener/simple sugars aren't automatically junk or you're adding fruit to the mix. Figs, per 100 grams, have 16 grams of sugar. If, as you said above, fat is evil, then avocados would be junk food, too. One hundred grams of avocado have 15 grams of fat. Or, purely, I don't consider honey or olive oil to be junk food either.

                                                                                                          1. re: chowser

                                                                                                            Agreed. But the first ingredient on that list is a sweetner. It's not fruit. There is fruit in the bar as well...but it's basically sweetner plus binder = calories = energy. For people who need the calories, great. Most of us (myself included) don't.

                                                                                                            Btw, the caloric requirements of a long distance runner/elite athlete are going to be different than the average person. Back in my swimming days there were lots of people sucking on honey bottles and eating high sugar stuff at meets, that doesn't mean that those things aren't junk food, nor does it mean that's a healthy snack for the average person. One of the things I've noticed with some elite athletes and how they eat is that it is way more compartmentalized (for lack of a better term) than most people...the average person probably tries for balance at each meal, as opposed to elite athletes who often have very specific requirements for protein, carbs, fat, etc. and often satisfy those things separately rather than as part of what most people would call a "balanced meal." That's just a totally different way of eating (fueling?) and really doesn't fit into what I'm talking about, I guess.

                                                                                                            1. re: akq

                                                                                                              There are definitely better and worst foods for you. I guess in my head, energy bars and such are made for athletes and they serve that purpose in a better way that many other quick bites out there, especially things like chips or other "junk" food. As I said, I very rarely eat them (I'd prefer fruit and peanut butter) but also in part that they kill the jaws for those of us with TMJ.

                                                                                                              1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                yep. in the winter, i have to take my PowerBar out of my Camelbak and warm it up in my armpit for awhile before I can chew it.

                                                                                                                so.... athletes may not be good examples to use when discussing food needs and habits for normal people (or for athletes when they aren't in the midst of training) Under normal circumstances, I keep my food OUT of my armpit.

                                                                                                                1. re: danna

                                                                                                                  That's funny--it would never occur to me to do that to soften up a Power Bar. But, I'll confess that in order to get down gu, I lick my sweaty arm first, get some salty taste in my mouth and then down the gu--kind of like a tequila shot.

                                                                                                                  1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                    I'm not generally one for using Web acronyms, but all I can say to that is - whoa, dude, TMI!

                                                                                                                    1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                      awesome. do you bite a lime?

                                                                                                                      Sounds like you need to switch to PowerGels. I find Gu pretty foul, but I actually LIKE THE TASTE and ENJOY EATING Tangerine 2x caffeine PowerGels. It has salt in it, too. I know , it's sick, I could fill a cupcake w/ one of those.

                                                                                                                      1. re: danna

                                                                                                                        Maybe I should pass on the gu and go with tequila next time! I've tried all kinds of gels but just call them gu out of laziness but I've never tried the tangerine. I'll try it next time I need one--thanks!

                                                                                                          2. re: chowser

                                                                                                            The Clif Nectar bars are more like real food.

                                                                                                            I carry energy bars with me because I am diabetic and sometimes need to eat something to prevent my blood sugar from dropping. (This is distinct from plain sugar, which is for when my blood sugar actually *has* dropped below a safe level.) I use Lara bars which usually have 3 to 5 ingredients: dried fruit, nuts, and spices. They're basically trail mix in a convenient form.

                                                                                                            1. re: jlafler

                                                                                                              I like Lara bars, too--they're like a trail mix in a bar form.

                                                                                                        4. re: ipsedixit

                                                                                                          Eaten by themselves, I would say that yes, butter and lard are junk food.

                                                                                                        5. re: akq

                                                                                                          By your standards, Hamburger Helper should've counted!

                                                                                                          1. re: invinotheresverde

                                                                                                            I would have counted it. Processed shelf stable product to which you add meat and no fresh veggies. However, if you use lean ground beef, or turkey and maybe add veggies - not the worst thing in the world.

                                                                                                            1. re: akq

                                                                                                              But by your definitions, what about all the processing?? That's the whole reason it's shelf stable......

                                                                                                              The whole debate that we cannot eat anything with chemicals or preservatives in it is rather silly, being that almost all of the food in the grocery stores has been modified to be shelf stable, so that it can last through the transit and storage process. I know I can certainly make that argument for some fruits & vegetables, whereas they have no preservatives in them, they are coated with wax, ( a preservative) and have been genetically modified or at least, hybridized, to withstand the rigors of travel and storage.

                                                                                                              1. re: Phurstluv

                                                                                                                huh? That's why I said I'd count it as junk food...

                                                                                                                1. re: akq

                                                                                                                  I guess what I'm saying is, when you say if you add a lean protein & maybe some veggies, not the worst thing in the world, you're saying then it's no longer junk food, but I'm asking, well, the product itself still has processed stuff in it, regardless of what you add. So is it still junk food?

                                                                                                                  1. re: Phurstluv

                                                                                                                    I'd say strictly speaking yes because it still has all those unidentifiable ingredients in it. However, once you add the lean protein, veggies, etc. you make it into a meal that may or may not be acceptable as a part of your diet (obviously this is a personal choice). Personally, I'd eat hamburger helpper once in a while with lean protein, etc. but not everyday.

                                                                                                                    For myself, I try to minimize my junk food intake, but I don't avoid it completely. I love junk food, but in excess it doesn't make me feel good. Under my personal definition of junk food, if it's either a net negative nutritionally *or* has all those unidentifiable ingredients it's junk food. Now, as with most things, there's better junk food and worse junk food. I'd rather eat homemade ice cream with organic eggs, milk, flavor, etc. than a twinkie, although I'd say they are both junk food.

                                                                                                                    1. re: akq

                                                                                                                      So we DO agree on something - Everything in moderation ;)

                                                                                                        6. Junk food is the stuff you eat and then you feel bad. Whether it's your aunt's fruitcake, ice cream, doritos, peanut butter w/ semi=sweet chocolate chips, another piece of cake, the last awesome rib, the last bit of jam on bread that's gone south, the last bit of cornbread w/ all the potlicker (which is too good to be true).

                                                                                                          It's not so much that you feel bad eating it, but then you realize that you didn't need it and now you feel bad. I don't think it's defined by calories or nutritional content. It's the stuff that makes you feel bad.

                                                                                                          1. All this talk about junk food makes me want to run out, buy a blue box (I was going to make pasta tonight anyway), and have it with some ground beef and veggies. Junk, no junk, whatever. Haven't had the glo-in-the-dark "cheese" in forevah. Now I'm getting excited '-P

                                                                                                            5 Replies
                                                                                                              1. re: linguafood

                                                                                                                Glow in the dark mac and cheese tastes best when eaten with the fingers. But why waste perfectly good stuff by adding veggies to it?

                                                                                                                1. re: chowser

                                                                                                                  I really can't eat it "just like that." I need not only the illusory health effect of the added veggies, but the flavah. Like, the perfect combo in my book is mac, red peppers, mushrooms, and ground beef. Oh, and LOTS of sriracha. Happiness on a plate.

                                                                                                                  1. re: linguafood

                                                                                                                    I can't believe you don't add bacon!!

                                                                                                                    1. re: Striver

                                                                                                                      I know! The audacity!!! Kidding aside -- I do like my bacon. But there is only so much saturated fat I can handle in one dish '-)

                                                                                                              2. in my view, junk food is "food" made by an entity only interested in making as much money off of you as possible, without caring about your health or happiness... zero love food = junk food

                                                                                                                1 Reply
                                                                                                                1. re: dcortara

                                                                                                                  Lots of commercial farmers care absolutely "zero" about its consumers, except for the marginal profit value an additional consumer means to their bottom line.

                                                                                                                  So, therefore, a commercial apple would be junk food?

                                                                                                                2. Here's my opinion:
                                                                                                                  If the food tastes good and you feel well after eating the food, then for you, it isn't junk.
                                                                                                                  If the food tastes, smells, or feels disappointing when you eat it, or you don't feel so well after you eat it, then for you, it's junk.
                                                                                                                  Lots of things that people call "junk foods" are perfectly fine in moderation. The only problem is too frequently eating them in place of a real meal when you get hungry, simply because they're more easily available.