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Pan Sauce

Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 01:09 PM

I know this may be a pretty remedial question but I'd like to hear peoples favorite pan sauces. I'm getting better at making them but I'm really experimenting and sometimes they just don't come out very good.

I have two nice rib eyes that I'll be cooking tonight and would like some tips for a good one for that. I've also done some pan sauces for pork chops, fish, chicken, etc., so while steak is on the menu for tonight, I'd also be interested in hearing your good pan sauce recipes for other types of foods.

I've searched this site but nothing specific comes up. Thanks!

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  1. scuzzo RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 02:04 PM

    I do this too, adding wine or vinegar or stock to deglaze, adding butter, sometimes cream plus seasonings. I'm no expert but sometimes the sauces come out beautiful, sometimes ugly, though nearly always delicious. Would love tips!

    13 Replies
    1. re: scuzzo
      Rocky Road RE: scuzzo Jun 17, 2009 03:20 PM

      I think that's what most folks do. Just experiment. I've never done a cream sauce and I think I might like that. I think I'm going to try this one for tonight. I happen to have all that on hand so we'll see what happens

      butter
      shallots
      garlic
      red wine
      beef broth
      heavy cream
      Dijon mustard
      chives for garnish

      1. re: Rocky Road
        kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 03:36 PM

        Too much for me in this mix. Don't like cream and red wine and butter is too much. A simple red wine sauce with some butter, garlic, shallots and maybe dijon would be fine. Or a cream sauce with chives and dijon would be good, but too much with all for me.

        Just my opinion.

        1. re: kchurchill5
          Rocky Road RE: kchurchill5 Jun 17, 2009 03:53 PM

          Well, yeah, I thought so too. I like your ideas better. Will modify for tonight.

        2. re: Rocky Road
          Uncle Bob RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 03:41 PM

          If you don't like the taste/flavor of beef this would be fine....On the other hand if you love the taste/flavor of beef...then maybe just a simple compound butter would suffice.

          Enjoy!

          1. re: Uncle Bob
            Rocky Road RE: Uncle Bob Jun 17, 2009 03:54 PM

            I love beef and eat it all the time with nothing more than salt and pepper. At the moment I'm just interested in perfecting some basic pan sauces for different items including beef.

            1. re: Rocky Road
              Uncle Bob RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 04:09 PM

              Ah! OK ...Then I suggest less is best. De-glaze with with wine (Red & Dry for beef)...Reduce by 1/2...Add some stock/broth (beef) again reduce by 1/2...Turn off the heat and swirl in a couple pats of butter...A little parsley maybe?

              Have Fun!

              1. re: Uncle Bob
                Rocky Road RE: Uncle Bob Jun 17, 2009 04:13 PM

                I suspect a possible reason my sauces are not coming out like I would hope is perhaps I'm not reducing enough. I'm not getting that sort of powerful punch that comes from concentration. Thanks for the tips.

                1. re: Uncle Bob
                  LindaWhit RE: Uncle Bob Jun 18, 2009 07:40 AM

                  Agree - a simple sauce of a reduction of wine and stock, adding some butter, and you're done.

                  Although I also enjoy a cognac cream sauce - I've used this recipe several times at Christmas and love it! (Although my notes for the recipe note that the reduction time needed is WAY more than 20 minutes for the amount of "thin liquid" you're attempting to reduce.)

                  http://www.epicurious.com/recipes/foo...

                  1. re: LindaWhit
                    kchurchill5 RE: LindaWhit Jun 18, 2009 08:12 AM

                    Never had to reduce that much 5 minutes tops for me. Maybe different recipes. Many hundreds of versions out there and many techniques that for sure.

                    1. re: kchurchill5
                      LindaWhit RE: kchurchill5 Jun 18, 2009 08:17 AM

                      2 cups of liquid is reduced in 5 minutes? That's then at a temp that's WAY more than a "simmer" as called for in the recipe.

                      1. re: LindaWhit
                        kchurchill5 RE: LindaWhit Jun 18, 2009 09:05 AM

                        I may use less broth or wine and yes, I use a higher temp. It has always worked.

                        But as you know, tons of recipes and tons of methods my best friend who owned a restaurant did it this way, so I did, it has always worked, but respect other recipes with out methods. There are so many variations.

                        1. re: kchurchill5
                          LindaWhit RE: kchurchill5 Jun 18, 2009 09:18 AM

                          My comment re: the reduction time was specifically referring to the 20 minutes in the recipe I linked for the cognac sauce...and that recipe calls for a total of 2 cups of liquid. Even boiling, I don't see how that can be done in 5 minutes - perhaps it can, but I'd think the flavor depth you get from a slower reduction wouldn't be reached.

                          Your comment says "never had to reduce that much 5 minutes tops for me." Does that means you're not spending that much TIME on reduction or not reducing that quantity of liquid? The way I'm reading your follow-up post, you're essentially par-boiling a much, much smaller quantity of the liquid if you're reducing the amount of liquid in 5 minutes or less.

                          1. re: LindaWhit
                            kchurchill5 RE: LindaWhit Jun 18, 2009 09:39 AM

                            Linda W, I'm lost a bit and I'm sorry. I never spend that much time. Maybe 5 or a bit longer. With just what is in the pan and what I am serving depends on how much of the liquid to add to the pan. I have used 2 cups but I have never simmered, I usually cook a bit hotter but maybe my sauces are thinner. I may have used mushrooms, shallots, a thickening agent, cream. Some times fresh peppers, even spinach, this changes the sauce and how thick one may want it. Never cooked a sauce over 5 maybe 10 tops.

                            But as I said, hundreds of recipes, hundreds of methods. There is no right or wrong.

        3. kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 03:38 PM

          There are hundreds from using red wines, cab, merlot, brandies, cream, stocks herbs. To me 3-4 ingredients in a sauce in plenty. Sometimes more including herbs but usually something to deglaze, a base sauce and then a flavor and seasoning.

          But as many sauces as there are, there are hundreds of recipes too.

          2 Replies
          1. re: kchurchill5
            Rocky Road RE: kchurchill5 Jun 17, 2009 04:04 PM

            I've not had a lot of experience with wine, most of my non- wine sauces turn to out too much like gravy, and while I love gravy, I don't want it on a steak. I've also tried some balsamic recipes and those are coming out too strong for me. I'll try the different wine types you've suggested. thanks

            1. re: Rocky Road
              kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 04:11 PM

              deglaze 1/2 cup wine per bits, then let reduce, then add maybe shallots or a little garlic or mushrooms then add broth. This will work both for chicken and beef. Then let cook again another few minutes. You will have a nice light sauce with not too much flavor. Cut the alcohol in half if too strong by all means. A few fresh herbs and if you want a dash of cream. A light cream sauce without being gravy.

          2. j
            jchulley RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 03:44 PM

            Shallots, miso paste, red wine
            REduce and strain if so inclined.
            I rarely strain it.

            2 Replies
            1. re: jchulley
              Rocky Road RE: jchulley Jun 17, 2009 03:55 PM

              I like the idea of miso. Thanks for that.

              1. re: jchulley
                kchurchill5 RE: jchulley Jun 17, 2009 04:12 PM

                The miso is great forgot that, I don't use it often but a nice flavor.

              2. scuzzo RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 03:59 PM

                But why do the sauces sometimes separate and sometimes hold together? What am I doing wrong?

                5 Replies
                1. re: scuzzo
                  kchurchill5 RE: scuzzo Jun 17, 2009 04:14 PM

                  Heat, combination of ingredients in certain orders can cause it. Older creams can curdle. What have you had problems with?

                  Bringing sauces with cream to a boil can break. I don't add cream to boiling sauces. I add lemon usually at the end of a sauce once removed from the heat.

                  1. re: kchurchill5
                    o
                    Old Spice RE: kchurchill5 Jun 17, 2009 10:51 PM

                    If I'm using butter or cream in a pan sauce, I always swirl it in at the very end, off the heat, after I've done all the reducing/taste-testing. No breaking, and it renders a nice, silky sauce. Something I learned in a cooking class eons ago and just do on automatic pilot.

                    Simple pan sauces, such as those discussed in this thread, are one of those kitchen "tricks" that, with minimal effort, can really turn something rather ordinary into something special. And, as others have noted, it's an ideal area for home cooks to cut loose and experiment. Since you've already removed your steak or chop or whatever from the pan, you can't ruin dinner if the sauce doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Your meat may be plainer than you'd intended, but as long as it's not over- or under-cooked, you've still got something nice to eat.

                    1. re: Old Spice
                      Rocky Road RE: Old Spice Jun 17, 2009 11:11 PM

                      Well put. That's really why I'm trying so hard to make a few good ones. I agree these types of sauces can turn something from ordinary to special.

                      I seem to be doing a lot better with the non-beef pan sauces. I've made some really good ones, but just can't get the beef one down. Like tonight, I did a little red wine sauce with butter in the end, but I think I put too much dijion. It was ok, but not great.

                      I'll just keep practicing so I'm happy with all the little tips everyone is providing.

                      I once saw an Iron Chef episode w/Flay and one judge said something like, "the sauce for the steak does not mask the flavor of the beef but compliments and highlights it" or something to that effect. That's what I'm trying to learn how to do. I'm eating a lot of good stuff with all the practice.lol

                    2. re: kchurchill5
                      chef chicklet RE: kchurchill5 Jun 30, 2009 02:30 AM

                      Me also, I have had this conversation before, cream breaks for me when I boil it. Someone said "No way you can boil cream" well not me.
                      Its tricky, and I usually will add a pat of butter or throw several knobs in. I love the glossy richness.

                      As far as reducing wine, I don't really like to reduce it too far, it gets a funky taste to me. I just like to burn the alchohol taste off, then I start building the sauce.
                      The same goes with any reduction. I've tried and and tried, they get way too salty, and then I end up adding water. Sorry I don't get he point. Nice pan sauces can take merely a few minutes.

                      Reduce your alchohol and broth,and shallot I boil it too) strain the shallot out, back in the pot, then I lower the heat, add cream gradually, let it cook for a tad longer. Then add butter, a little at a time, it will begin to thicken and get creamy, then add roquerfort, not too much. Nice. Any fresh herbs need to be finely minced, and added last minute. Great on a filet or the steak of your dreams.

                      1. re: chef chicklet
                        kchurchill5 RE: chef chicklet Jun 30, 2009 08:30 AM

                        Yes, you can boil cream, just have to be careful. I don't do a high boil, but a slow boil, yes you can. I try not to, but have and it does work

                        I don't reduce too far. 5 minutes to simmer is plenty for me. It reduces quite a bit and the flavor gets intense but you don't need long drawn out reductions. 5 minutes from the time I saute the shallots or garlic, etc and then add the wine is plenty for me.

                        More than 5 maybe 6 minutes is plenty for a sauce. I agree.

                  2. kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 04:16 PM

                    A nice simple link:

                    http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html...

                    7 Replies
                    1. re: kchurchill5
                      Rocky Road RE: kchurchill5 Jun 17, 2009 04:21 PM

                      That's a good basic article for me to get the foundation going. Thanks for posting it.

                      1. re: Rocky Road
                        kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 04:34 PM

                        One of many sauces are so complex but can be very simple and some simpler are better.

                        Instance, when I make fish. A simple white wine when the fish are pan seared to deglaze, maybe 1/4 cup, then 1/4 cup broth, a little butter and dill, s/p. Not creamy just a glaze, a simple sauce. Grouper, tilapia, cod, haddock

                        Chicken white wine to deglaze, broth, then butter, capers, parsley and then a couple of lemon slices and lemon juice. great over chicken breasts

                        Creamy sherry and mushroom sauce. deglaze with sherry wine, then add sliced mushroom and shallots a little broth and cook until soft, just a couple of minutes. Add cream and fresh tarragon, s/p and just. Again not like grazy but a nice sauce. This is great over pork chops, chicken and pork loin

                        Same goes for red wine and beef broths. You can also make a pan sauce with a little honey dijon, and broth over pork for something sweeter. Don't be stuck with savory dressings.

                        Wine like a white wine to deglaze, then a little chicken broth, then a little current jelly, some fresh rosemary and garlic is great over pork tenderloin. Amazing flavor and so simple. You can also add some shallots to the sauce. It is like a semi thick au jus absolutely great. Also is wonderful over a nice side of wild rice it compliments the entire meal.

                        1. re: kchurchill5
                          Rocky Road RE: kchurchill5 Jun 17, 2009 05:11 PM

                          Yes, yes, yes! I've actually done versions of your first two (slightly different) over chicken and fish. I like the sound of your cream sauce I was sort of aiming for something along those lines for tonight. I've never done a cream pan sauce so that intrigued me originally but I think I'm going to do the light wine sauce you mentioned before for tonight.

                          1. re: Rocky Road
                            kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 05:29 PM

                            Have fun, basically it is just try. I tried hundreds before I get really what I love and I constantly try new ones. And don't be disappointed if a sauce breaks. I had one break on me 2 weeks ago for dinner. Been making the same sauce for years. It broke, maybe too high heat, maybe bad cream. No idea, so don't get frustrated if you have one that doesn't work. It happens to everyone. Be patient and have fun. Remember, deglaze, base, seasoning and then flavor. But it sounds like you will do just fine

                            1. re: kchurchill5
                              Rocky Road RE: kchurchill5 Jun 29, 2009 11:34 PM

                              Just to update, I made a great pan sauce today for a pork tenderloin. If you remember, I was really interested in making a cream type sauce because I'd never tried it.

                              I seared the pork tenderloin, added shallots and garlic to the pan with two pats of butter, then about a half cup of white wine, reduced to half, then about half a cup of cream (was worried at first) but that all was well. Finished with butter and Dijon.

                              As many of you have suggested I did not measure most things. I went by a recipe but did it all by taste. The recipe called for more Dijon, cream, and wine than I put, but who cares. It was very good. Thanks for everyone's help.

                              The main thing I learned was to get the base and then taste. Experiment.

                              Thanks!

                              1. re: Rocky Road
                                LindaWhit RE: Rocky Road Jun 30, 2009 07:20 AM

                                Sometimes you have to "play with your food" to get it to a point where making it seems instinctive - you just know what works. Sounds like you done good! :-)

                                1. re: LindaWhit
                                  greygarious RE: LindaWhit Jun 30, 2009 09:58 AM

                                  I, too, tinker with sauces and generally use, instead of stock, Better Than Bouillon bases or the handy Trader Joe's packets of concentrated chicken or beef base. They are the size of a ketchup packet and have better flavor than BTB, IMO. Very convenient amount for adding to sauces and gravies. Add as much water, wine, or juice as you like. Cream cheese can be subbed for cream and will thicken a too-thin sauce. Apple cider or orange juice are good with pork and chicken. A splash of balsamic vinegar at the end is usually effective if your pan sauce still seems to need a little boost. Never tried it, but I hear that a dash of Thai fish sauce ads umami depth without standing out as fishy. I recently got some dehydrated ingredients from barryfarms.com, including shallots and sour cream. These yield excellent results and are practical for me, since I tend to have things in the fridge that I don't use promptly enough.

                    2. Foodielicious RE: Rocky Road Jun 17, 2009 04:23 PM

                      My favorite is one I use for pork tenderloin medallions: deglaze the pan with a slosh of white vermouth, add 1/2 cup chicken broth, a handful of dry tart cherries (could use other dry fruit), and a little garlic. Boil it 'til it's a little syrupy, add salt and pepper to taste, then finish with a swirl of cold butter.

                      1 Reply
                      1. re: Foodielicious
                        kchurchill5 RE: Foodielicious Jun 17, 2009 04:36 PM

                        Another nice one. Dried apricots with white wine and thyme is great with some current jelly for a glaze. And grill the pork baked with a pecan bread crumb crust.

                      2. kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jun 18, 2009 06:39 AM

                        These are my two favorites and a bit different then just a red wine sauce

                        Try a brandy sauce for the steak:
                        Add 1/4 cup white wine to deglaze, add 2-3 tablespoon brandy and 1/4 cup heavy cream. Cook 1 minute until it slightly thickens and then add a tablespoon of chives or you can use parsley.

                        Green Peppercorn:
                        1 medium shallots minced shallots, I use canned green peppercorns 2 tablespoons, 1 tablespoon dijon, 3/4 cup heavy cream, fresh tarrigon, 1 teaspoon, s/p

                        Bourbon Sauce
                        1 shallot fine chopped and 2 tablespoons butter sauteed in the pan after the steaks come out, then deglaze with 1/4 cup bourbon and add 2 teaspoons worscestershire sauce

                        Tequilla Sauce - A friend sent me this but I have not tried it but looks very interesting
                        http://www.cooksillustrated.com/recip...

                        Fig sauce is different but good - I'm going on my gut as the recipe is not on my computer
                        1/2 cup diced fig preserves, 1 cup balsamic, 1/4 cup port and 1-2 tablespoons cognac

                        Also try chutneys with steak, deglaze with a little red wine or port and then a little chutney for a simple quick topping with lots of flavor.

                        1. s
                          silverhawk RE: Rocky Road Jun 18, 2009 06:42 AM

                          rocky, perhaps a summary is in order:
                          most pan sauces have a number of sequential steps in common. these include:
                          --deglaze
                          --reduce
                          --build/flavor/season
                          --reduce
                          --finish

                          for example, for steak deglaze with a bit of red wine and reduce the volume, build the sauce by adding, say,, chopped tarragon, a lttle garlic and beefstock. reduce again. finish by correcting seasoning and perhaps by swirling in some butter off heat.

                          a sauce for chicken breasts might well follow the same order, but the ingredients would change--white wine instead of red, chicken stock instead of beef stock, etc.

                          there are lots of ways to deglaze, lots of ways to finish--butter isn't a given, e.g.--and lots of flavoring combos--but the order of steps is pretty consistent.

                          1. f
                            fourunder RE: Rocky Road Jun 18, 2009 07:48 AM

                            Generally, I like red wine reductions or port wine reductions, finished with butter with meat. When wine is not used, demi-glaze and butter is also a favorite.

                            I have not seen it mentioned, but I would suggest you consider an au poivre. Cognac cream and black pepper....black pepper smashed into the steaks, or not. Another cream concoction can be Pommery mustard and cream reduction. I like that for chicken, but mustard works well for beef too.

                            1. l
                              lukyfela1 RE: Rocky Road Jul 3, 2009 11:24 AM

                              How are you cooking the rib eyes? Pan frying, broiling, on the grill (inside or out)
                              If inside in a pan, save the drippings, add some butter, sherry or wine, or a very little (a drop) of your favorite vinegar, and very definetly CREAM, and reduce the sauce until thick.

                              You won't need much, as it will be concentrated.
                              and yes, to make a good sauce you need butter and cream.

                              You can substitute sour cream , and you may want to add a combo of grated italian cheeses like romano and parmesan. Don't forget the chives.

                              3 Replies
                              1. re: lukyfela1
                                Rocky Road RE: lukyfela1 Jul 6, 2009 08:30 PM

                                I am searing them in a cast iron pan, inside, and then popping them in the oven for the most part. I've been experimenting lately and have gotten a lot better at some pretty cool pan sauces that don't overpower the meat but add a bunch. Thanks to this thread.

                                I made a great one tonight but with chicken breasts. I didn't have any wine, but used chicken broth, lemon, some cream, shallot, mushrooms, it was nice. I think the key (as was emphasized by the vets in this thread) is trial and error.

                                I'm loving it.

                                1. re: Rocky Road
                                  kchurchill5 RE: Rocky Road Jul 7, 2009 04:44 AM

                                  It is trial and error for me until I get just the right flavor. The right flavor for one person may not be for another.

                                  Lemon, thyme and shallots along with the broth and cream is a great combo too. There are hundreds of sauces. I honestly don't have one favorite. I many times use what I have on hand.

                                  Good for you!

                                  1. re: Rocky Road
                                    greygarious RE: Rocky Road Jul 7, 2009 08:36 AM

                                    Since acid ingredients - wine, juice, tomato among them - react with unenameled (black) cast iron and plain aluminum to impart a slight metal taste to the food, that might be part of your problem. If you are using black cast iron, try enameled or another material with good heat retention.

                                2. pikawicca RE: Rocky Road Jul 3, 2009 11:38 AM

                                  When blueberries and blackberries are in season, I make gastrique, then freeze it in ice cube trays. A few cubes serve to deglaze a pan nicely, with a bit of butter swirled in at the end. Great over fish, chicken, pork, pretty much anything.

                                  1. k
                                    katcraig RE: Rocky Road Jul 7, 2009 02:42 PM

                                    This is a to-die-for Italian steak recipe-- after searing your steaks in olive oil til almost done to your liking, add to pan:

                                    chopped garlic
                                    red pepper flakes
                                    fennel seeds
                                    saute this around a bit, then add:

                                    red wine, 1/2 c
                                    marsala, 1/3 c
                                    tomato paste, 1 tablespoon

                                    reduce until almost syrupy, then coat the steaks in it to re-warm, garnish with parsley.

                                    yum

                                    1 Reply
                                    1. re: katcraig
                                      k
                                      katcraig RE: katcraig Jul 7, 2009 03:43 PM

                                      oh and don't forget the salt!

                                    2. l
                                      lexpatti RE: Rocky Road Jul 7, 2009 05:36 PM

                                      I finally made a great sauce for my mussels:

                                      sauteed in lil butter & oil some leeks, then added garlic and ginger, then the mussels and dry vermouth, once they opened I transfered to a bowl and added cream, reduced and (s&p). Yum yum yum!!! (with great bread to soak it all up - YUM!!) I still haven't done a curry one that I'll try next time.

                                      3 Replies
                                      1. re: lexpatti
                                        f
                                        fourunder RE: lexpatti Jul 7, 2009 05:48 PM

                                        Here's the best mussels recipe I have ever had anywhere from a restaurant.....copy and paste from another thread:

                                        http://chowhound.chow.com/topics/572650

                                        Here's a recipe that may have been popularized by a celebrity chef, but a friend had it on his menu in an upscale restaurant and it was a top selling item for him. Serve with fresh bread or grilled bread rubbed with garlic. The ingredients you will need are:

                                        Mussels
                                        Manilla or Little Neck Clams(optional
                                        )Olive Oil
                                        Fresh ChoppedGarlic
                                        Fresh Sliced Shallots
                                        Fresh ChoppedFlat Leaf/Italian Parsley
                                        Andouille or Chorizo Sausage sliced or slivers
                                        Red Pepper Flakes (optional)
                                        Butter (optional)
                                        7-12 ounces of your favorite beer
                                        Salt and Pepper to taste

                                        In a hot pan with a good lid add Olive Oil and render the sausage, then add fresh chopped garlic, sliced shallots, salt, pepper, optional red pepper flakes and saute' until translucent. Now add the cleaned mussels and beer and cover the pan until the first signs of the mollusks opening. Remove lid, finish with parsley and optional butter at this time....give it a good shake and serve......I usually drizzle additional Olive Oil over the large family serving bowl or individual serving bowls.

                                        The entire cooking process, including prep should take you ten minutes or less....

                                        1. re: fourunder
                                          l
                                          lexpatti RE: fourunder Jul 7, 2009 06:54 PM

                                          Yum, Yum Yum, thanks. There is a local restaurant that once did something very similar, unfortunately the next time it wasn't the same. Hate that!!! If I could get it right, I won't need them anymore...................... :-)

                                          and I can see I was part of that post as well, guess I dropped the ball in continueing my quest for great mussels. :-(

                                          1. re: fourunder
                                            kchurchill5 RE: fourunder Jul 7, 2009 07:01 PM

                                            I make one very similar but add some cream and toss with linquini, I also add more onion, a cubanella or similar pepper thin sliced, I also like lots of garlic in mine. Great easy dish for sure. Nice forunder, I love simple dishes like that. You can also change it up with white wine, add some shrimp too and fennel. But both dishes are great.

                                        2. hollyd RE: Rocky Road Jul 7, 2009 05:48 PM

                                          I buy apricot nectar in the Latin foods section of my supermarket and use it to deglaze. Reduce. Add butter. So good on chicken and salmon, and pork.

                                          1 Reply
                                          1. re: hollyd
                                            z
                                            zamorski RE: hollyd Jul 7, 2009 07:39 PM

                                            I think there are several keys to a good pan sauce:

                                            1) Most importantly, you need a nice fond from browning the meat--that is really where most of the flavour should come from. The best fond comes from using something other than non-stick cookware and using medium-high heat. Without a nice fond, your pan sauces will almost always be a little ho-hum.

                                            2) High-quality stock (or demi-glace) makes a big difference. Don't expect those evil tinned broths to do much for your sauce.

                                            3) As others have noted, reduction is essential.

                                            4) A final enrichment with butter adds body and richness.

                                            5) It is easy to overdo wine in a pan sauce--can be overpowering and also yield an icky colour. I use between 2 to 4 TB, and I go particularly easy on the really full-bodied, concentrated reds like New World Cabernet or Shiraz.

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