How Long to Roast a Pork Loin?
- zorra Dec 1, 2007 01:25 PM
There is a delicious sounding recipe in the latest Sur la Table catalog for roast pork loin, stuffed with chopped dried fruits that have been simmered in tawny port. I want to do that for Christmas dinner, and today I found two fine roasts on sale. (will just marinate one in a lemon-herb mix for our diabetic friends) The recipe says to only roast the pork for about an hour at 350. Obviously I don't want it dried out, but my relatives are NOT going to eat pink pork, period. Will an hour at 350 really be long enough for a 4 1/2 pound pork loin roast?
I would recommend investing in an instant read thermometer - about $12 - $13 worth (at Sur la Table.) Time is less important than temperature. For your pork loin you are looking for an internal temperature of no more than 145 degrees. When you take the roast out of the oven it will continue to cook for a while (that's called carry over) and after resting for 15 - 20 minutes it will reach the perfect temperature of 150 - 155 degrees.
I totally agree about the thermometer. Just did this, with a loin that was about 2 lbs & it took a good hour + at 350 to come to 150. Even after resting it was a nice tenderness, though I'd try the 145 & rest method next time.
Try to get one that comes with a cord & timer/beeper, so you stick it in the center of the meet & set the desired temperature, then it beeps at you when it's reached 150! (The timer part doesn't go in the oven) I think I got mine at IKEA for $10. It also functions as a regular timer.
Cooks Illustrated just did a retest of these, and recommends the one from Thermoworks (which I believe bought another company that used to make these). Just bought myself one from their website for 19.95 plus shipping. Haven't gotten it yet . . .
One thing they noted is that the presets on these gadgets are generally set to FDA guidelines for doneness, which may be far more "done" than we would necessarily like, so if you get one, you want to get one that allows you a workaround on that.
A thermometer cannot be beat, but there's also rules of thumb for planning the cooking time of a roast. I'm sure there are such charts online somewhere. I think I got mine from an encyclopedia of cooking, years ago. Pork is usually 25-29 minutes per pound, I think, but there's a difference between times for bone in and boneless, and I can't remember the exact times. Joy of Cooking has guidelines, and all other complete cookery books will have something similar.
That's very true but unless you are very skilled in the art of roasting meat ther are a lot of variables which can affect the outcome. For example if the meat is taken straight from the refrigerator to the oven it will take longer to reach the desired internal temperature than if it is left to come to room temperature. Ovens as we know are often out of callibration and that too will affect the cooking time. And so on...
Somewhere Julia Child discussed roasting a pork loin and she pointed out that the weight of a loin (note we are NOT talking tenderloin, but loin) makes little difference in the time required to cook the meat, as a pork loin is generally of uniform thickness and a heavier loin is just longer, not thicker. So yes, a hour to an hour and a half should be sufficient, but 1) like all other posters I recommend using an instant read thermometer and 2) having never made a stuffed loin, I would expect a stuffed loin would take longer, just as a roast chicken or turkey takes longer stuffed than unstuffed.
As an aside, I once purchased a loin roast from my local grocer and failed to notice at purchase that it was two loins tied together to make one fat, round roast, so it took about twice as long to cook.
Roasting a certain number of minutes per pound is always problematic and never precise,
given the variations others have mentioned.
In this case, your stuffing is also a variable.
Buy a cheap instant-read thermometer as others have recommended.
A stuffed pork loin will never take as long as an unstuffed one, and remember when you do take the pork internal temperature, take it so the point is still in the meat, not in the stuffing.
I take pork tenderloin out of the oven at 137 F. Carryover cooking (with foil) takes it to 143-5, with a warm pinkish interior. You can serve your relatives pork from the more fully cooked ends of the loin, or keep your loin in the oven till about 140. Above all, don't overcook the pork.
re: Will Owen
Yep, read that about the pink.
OK, maybe out of the oven at 145, carryover to 152-5 degrees for just through brown/greyness and no pink but still with a modicum of juiciness. No, don't think so. Won't work. Pork abuse. Still pockets of that going around.
Find guest lecturer to speak on pork and doneness with charts and handouts if it would do any good. Nope, old inaccurate ideas die hard. Won't work.
New relatives?? Now there's an idea! Oh wait, that won't work either. You love these people, flawed though they may be.
Maybe choose a different meat with no "doneness" issues?? Maybe choose another occasion with different guests to serve this stuffed pork loin? Maybe? Yes.
Luckily, pork loin freezes well.
Assuming your oven is accurate and ultimately you will apply some of these suggestions presented to you...consider slow roasting if time is not a factor for you and I will guarantee your meat will not be dried out. I have been slow roasting meats ever since I read an article in Cooks Illustrated, and party guests are always amazed how moist the meat turns out and what a pleasurable difference it makes. The method works well for pork, beef and turkey.....
For a pork loin roast @ 250 degrees, cooking time is about two hours.
For a pork loin roast @ 275 degrees, cooking time is about
one hour and 45 minutes
My personal favorite temperature is cooking @ 225 degrees.. Think about it as the way BBQ Pit Masters ply their trade. I have tested varying temperatures every time I use the oven for meats of all cuts and grades and the most compliments come from 225*. If color is not to your liking, simply brown under the broiler for a few minutes or crank up the oven for the last 10 minutes @ 500 degrees and your roast will look great.
BTW...This is the only way I will cook a Prime Rib Roast.....and almost all commercial kitchens concerned with costs, quality, less shrinkage and a better end result of product cook this way in Cook and Hold ovens made by companies such as Alto-Sham.