Is there a difference between "evaporated" milk and "condensed" milk?
I hate to admit I don't know this but I'm not much of a baker and needed condensed milk for a pie and saw evaporated on the same shelf...is it essentially the same?
Absolutely not (I know Curmudgeon said it, but it can't be stressed enough). Evaporated milk is just milk that's been cooked to concentrate it by evaporating out some of the water. Condensed milk is not only cooked and reduced but has a large amount of sugar added. It has a completely different flavor and consistency.
Homemade Condensed Milk
1 cup Hot water
4 cup Powdered milk
2 cup Sugar
1/4 cup Margarine or butter
Blend in blender until very well mixed.
Store in refrigerator or freezer.
Sweetened Condensed Milk-Copykat Recipe
3/4 C. sugar
1/2 C. water
1 C. plus 2 T. powdered milk
Combine all ingredients.
Heat to boiling.
Cook until thick, this will take 15 to 20 minutes.
This equals one can.
Homemade Evaporated Milk
1/3 cup powdered milk
1 cup milk
2/3 cup powdered milk
1 cup HOT water
Mix well. Refrigerate.
It is funny to see recipes for condensed milk copies, since these canned milks were developed as a means of providing milk to people who could not get the fresh version. Many of the recipes using these were developed by and for people living in the tropics and similar areas. The classic, of course, is key lime pie. Sweetened condensed milk would have been easier to buy in the Florida Keys, especially before the causeway was built.
re: chef chicklet
My grandma often uses evaporated milk alias "pet milk" (I couldn't bring myself to seriously use that expression) in her coffee too! I have no idea why, though. Since she only cooks with milk (doesn't drink it), maybe because it comes in a small container? Hmm, I'll have to ask her.
You can use sweetened condensed milk to make Dulce de leche, a wonderful Latin American caramel.
Homemade Dulce de Leche
I make it in a pressure cooker with canned sweetened condensed milk. Remove can label. Place sealed can in pressure cooker and cover completely with water. Seal pressure cooker. Bring up to pressure and set timer for 30-minutes. After 30-minutes at full pressure turn off heat. Let pressure fall naturally. When pressure is gone open pressure cooker. Place pressure cooker in sink and flush interior with cold water. Fill pressure cooker with cold water and let stand for a half hour to allow canned sweetended condensed milk to completely cool. Open can and enjoy.
It does take 3-hours to caramelize sweetened condensed milk on the stove top, inside the can. Don't allow the boiling water level to uncover the can or it could burst. The two advantages of using a pressure cooker are shorter cooking time (30-minutes) and little chance of bursting the can. Even if it were to burst, it would be contained inside the pressure cooker.
It cooks in a stovetop open pot in about 30-45 minutes. All of the pv=nrt things that a pressure cooker is good for are inapplicable in this case because the can is rigid and completely sealed. Water level doesn't affect the danger of explosion (which is essentially zero in any case). Even if the can did rupture, since milk is a mostly incompressible fluid there's not going to be much energy released and thus not much of an explosion.