Help me decipher cookware set lingo!
Now that I'm finally moving to an apartment on my own, I can buy nice pots and pans and not have to worry about my roommates ruining them. I've just started browsing online and have come across all different types of cookware sets and I'm not sure which type to get: Aluminum, copper, hard anodized alumnium, multi pli, non-stick, stainless steel? What do these all mean? As a med school student I can't afford to buy the very best...probably about a $200 budget (although I'm pretty good at finding deals online or at outlet stores). I would like the set to include a small and large saute pan, a small and large suacepan, and some sort of large stockpot. I'll be using them for a variety of everyday cooking, sauteeing, making risotto, soups, stews, omelettes, fritattas, etc. Advice on type of material to buy as well as brands that are a good value for the money would be great. Thanks!
I would suggest:
Get a really cheap stockpot - I've found them at Tuesday morning for $20.
Get a good large-ish saute pan and sauce pan, rather than both large and small. My favorite brand (I know I post ad nauseum about this) is Sitram. I lived for years with just those two pans. A heavy sauce pan will do for making risotto until you are up to springing for a LC.
Check out Costco - They have a great Annodized aluminum set that is excellent - for around $200 - I bought a set and am very happy with it and has the pans you are looking for -
What you need depends on what you cook. lf you throw things in the oven to warm them up (as a busy student, this may be the case), invest in one or two half-size cookie sheets to use alone or put under pre-cooked foods. Get a non-stick frying pan for eggs and omelettes, and I agree with the suggestion about a saute pan.Go for 3/ 1/2 qts. for one to two people, larger if you cook for more. For a starting cook, I would invest mostly in 18/10 stainless steel with a good disk bottom made of sandwiched aluminum or copper. If no copper shows, meaning no decorative band on the bottom, then you should be able to put it in the dishwasher. 18/10 stainless is the workhorse of most kitchens, and my cooking got raves for years using inexpensive versions of such cookware. Stay away from handles that are not made of the same material. This means no phenolic handles and, Lord help us, no Rachel Ray silicone. I don't believe you can put anodized aluminum (the dark Calphalon style) in the dishwasher, nor should you put copper in it. Copper, by the way, is only good when it is very thick, and you will spend more than your budget on one pot, so pass on the copper until you can afford it. Good, thick sandwiched aluminum disk bottoms on stainless steel pots and pans work nearly as well as copper. Stay away from the much heralded-All Clad until your budget loosens up. I would also invest in a light weight roasting pan. There is no need to buy a $100 version -- here, aluminum works just fine. Add a rack to keep the roast or chicken off the bottom. I am not crazy about glass lids, but this is personal preference. You will also need a stock pot or a more flexible 5 qt or larger Dutch oven if you boil pasta or make soup. If I had to choose, I'd pick the Dutch oven. You should also get at least two small sauce pans with lids to cook gravies, cans of soup, boil vegetables. 1 1/2 to 3 quarts are common sizes. If you fry, or pan fry and then transfer to the over, NOTHING beats a cheap, seasoned black cast iron skillet. Take a look at Costco and Sams -- their house brands are fabulous and are made by major manufacters. I forget which one sells Tramontina -- and it is fantastic. Good luck -- it sounds like fun.
First, you don't have to buy a set -- almost every set I've ever seen has items I would never use, so it's a waste of money and storage space. In addition, different materials and construction methods are better for different things, so the set that has the best saute pan might not be the best stock pot.
When I was a student setting up my first kitchen, I bought my pots and pans at garage sales. You can pick up some really good stuff, especially if you cruise through some more upscale neighborhoods where people are always remodelling their kitchens and getting rid of the stuff that doesn't fit their lifestyle (or that came in a set and they never use). Buy a couple of different types of pans and see how they fit your cooking style -- if you read these boards, you'll see that for everyone who swears by brand X, there's someone else who hated them! Then maybe later when you're a little more flush you can buy more of the stuff you really liked and used. I'm now slowly replacing my first set of "nice" cookware, because I personally hate it. I wish I'd tried out a couple of pieces for a while before I bought as much as I did!
To answer your question specifically:
Aluminum -- light weight and conducts heat well, but is soft and reactive with foods. Most often used as a "core" or "sandwich" (see "multiply") with another metal (usually stainless steel) on the inside and sometimes the outside.
copper -- another great heat conductor, but expensive. Cheap copper isn't worth buying.
Hard anodized alumnium (that dark grey stuff you see all over the place) -- aluminum that has been treated by an electro-chemical process to make it less reactive and harder, while retaining its heat conducting properties. Cheap anodized alumimum is worthless, and I personally don't recommend it ever.
Multi pli -- a constuction method where a good heat-conducting metal like aluminum is layered with one that's a poor heat conductor but has other desirable properties (i.e. stainless steel) in order to take advantage of the desirable properties of both materials. Most of the time the "Layered" part is just a disk on the bottom, but sometimes the layers extend up the sides of the pan.
Non-stick -- can be either a coating (i.e. the latest version of teflon) over a metal pan, or you can get almost the same non-stick properties with a well-seasoned cast iron or anodized aluminum pan. Most serious cooks avoid teflon pans, except for very limited uses.
Stainless steel -- poor heat conductor, but strong for its thickness and durable, not to mention attractive and relatively easy to clean. I grew up using Farberware pans that were stainless with an aluminum-clad bottom, and after buying anodized aluminum because everyone told me it was better, I finally acknowledged that at least for me, it wasn't, and I've gone back to aluminum/stainless.
I agree with the post about buying individual pieces rather than a set, and what you need depends on what you cook. I don't like anodized aluminum as a cooking material. I would go for Gourmet Standard for regular cookware...it is a core of aluminum with a stainless surface just like All-Clad, but about half the price. For non-stick pieces, like for eggs, I like Swiss Diamond.
The issue with sandwich bottomed cookware is that once the heat reaches the edge of the pan, it has nowhere to go. If this is in a cheap stockpot, you'll get scorching in anything thicker than a stock.
I could go on and on about this subject...as a matter of fact, that's my job. Looks like you are on the east coast and I'm in California, but once you figure out what type of things you need, I'm happy to talk to you through EM about it. My email is Stuart@MyToque.com. Also, if you like to make risotto a lot, check out the Gourmet Standard Chicken Fryer...it's like a 12" 7 Qt saute pan with high sides...perfect for stir frying or risottos.