Homemade Biscuits - Any good tips?
- chef chicklet Apr 19, 2007 12:50 PM
One of the topics today is asking what do we make when we have some free time. So today is my day to make good biscuits.
I once had them at this restaurant and they were as light and airy little pillows, always served as their "Biscuit and Gravy" breakfast item and one of my favorites.
The restaurant started with Greek owners, and then after changing to Asian owners that kept the recipes and used them. All of their sauces and breakfasts had something in them, a unique spice that really made a wonderful eggs benedict outstangingly good. But truly their shining stars were those biscuits!!
When I make biscuits, often they end up heavy, don't rise very much at all, and the insides have a crumbly texture. Their biscuits have that a slight layer thing going on, and that's the biscuit I'm searching for. And they promised me that they were indeed homemade, but would not share the recipe, they would just smile when asked.
Anyone know a good recipe for fluffy and lighter than air biscuits?
I'm sure you'll get lots of good recipes. The secret is to barely work the dough. Use as little handling as possible and then you'll have tender, wonderful biscuits. Here's one recipe that's worked for me.
3 cups flour
2 Tablespoons sugar
1 Tablespoon plus 1-1/2 teaspoon baking powder
3/4 teaspoon cream of tartar
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup shortening
1 egg, beaten
3/4 cup milk
Combine flour, sugar, baking powder, cream of tartar, and salt, mix well. Cut in shortening with a pastry blender until mixture resembles coarse meal. Combine egg and milk and then add to flour mixture, stirring until dry ingredients are moistened. Turn dough out on lightly floured surface. Knead 8 or 10 times. Roll dough to 1-inch thickness, cut with biscuit cutter. Place on ungreased baking sheet. Bake at 450 degrees for 15 minutes or until golden brown.
Makes: 15 biscuits
well I am stuffed! I wanted to try your recipe first since you responded so quickly, I did find the buttermilk so they are my next project today, with raspberries.
Today I made the mile highs, I had some problems with the dough mixing well, probably be cause I was to afraid to tough the dough to much. We are expecting rain today, I wonder how much the atmosphere played into my biscuit project!
Anyway, I used King Arthur's flour, and I changed nothing except used a sil pat to line a cookie sheet. I actually could not roll them the dough seemed dry. However, I did not want to mess with your recipe, so tried to keep the dough together pressing it but not handling it too much. Tell me though is this the way they should look?
I made them probably a little thicker than an inch and used a zigzag round biscuit cutter. They cut fine, but some sort of mutated in the oven, on the tops.
At 450 degrees in a gas oven, with the baking rack in the middle.
I pulled them out, to moist in the center, back in for two more minutes. Ok. Now we're getting somewhere. 4 fo the 6 came out pretty nice. A whole lot better than anything I have EVER made. Mine have always been hard, and really crumbly.
So here are the photos and thank you!!! Oh I ate them with left over Chicken Fried Steak, and gravy, I did not eat dinner last night saving myself for the biscuits.
I had extremely good luck with the Cream Cheese and Chive Biscuits from Martha Stewart's Baking Handbook (I didn't use chives). They have the layer thing going on and are extremely light and fluffy. Like you, my biscuits before that had always turned out heavy and somewhat rubbery. When I made this recipe, I was so, so, so careful not to overwork- like, so careful, that I kept second guessing myself worrying that they weren't mixed well enough. They turned out perfectly! I was so pleased with myself! Of course, I can't get her website to work right now, so I don't know if that recipe is on there, but I could paraphrase tonight if you want. My apologies if you're a biscuit purist and can't fathom cream cheese, but it sold me!
re: Katie Nell
Katie Nell if you can remember great! I am going to make several batches of the biscuits, and do comparisons this weekend. I really didn't expect such variations to my question. However. I am not opposed to having a chive and cream cheese biscuit that is poofy, and layers with the texture that I think you all know what I mean. Please if it is not too much trouble.
I wil post my results. I hope that the bad weather we are expecting here over the weeknd in NoCal, will not affect the biscuits?
re: chef chicklet
Cream Cheese and Chive Biscuits
2 1/2 cups ap flour
1 1/2 t. baking powder
1/4 t. baking soda
1 1/4 t. salt
1 T. sugar
1/4 cup finely chopped fresh chives
1 stick (1/2 cup) unsalted butter, cold, diced
4 oz. cream cheese, cold, diced
1 1/4 cups buttermilk
Whisk flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, sugar, and chives together. Cut in the butter and cream cheese until you have coarse crumbs. Add the buttermilk and mix with a fork until it just is coming together. (The dough is pretty sticky.) Place the dough on a floured surface and knead a few times until the dough is fairly smooth. (Again, be careful not to overwork the dough as everyone says!) Roll out to an 11x8 rectangle, 1" thick. Fold the dough in thirds like you would a business letter. Turn the dough a 1/4 turn and roll out again to 11x8, and fold again. Chill for 30 minutes in plastic wrap. Roll out the dough again after chilling and repeat the same process as above. After the second round of folding and turning, roll out to 11x8 and cut into rectangles (I'm sure you could do round if you wanted, but I liked the idea of rectangles.) Place on a parchment-lined baking sheet about an 1-1/2" apart and chill for 1 hour. Bake at 425 for 15- 18 minutes. Cool on a wire rack.
These freeze beautifully, and I just take a couple out at a time when I want some to go with dinner. You just bake from frozen and add a couple of minutes to the baking time. I couldn't find chives when I wanted to make them, so I just omitted them. I've been sprinkling them with Parmesan right before baking!
If you use self-rising flour, whatever the brand, it will be made from lower-gluten wheat than that same brand's all-purpose flour. At the extreme end of that is the fabulous and only regionally available (except by online mail-order) White Lily, with which it is practically impossible to make a heavy biscuit. Here's the recipe that's on their bag (paraphrased):
2 cups self-rising flour
1/4 cup fat (shortening, lard or butter)
2/3 cup milk or buttermilk
Preheat oven to 500º
Cut fat into flour until it resembles coarse crumbs (does it ever REALLY do that? I just cut it in until there aren't any big lumps left or my wrist goes out on me, whichever comes first). Stir the milk/buttermilk into this with a fork until it all becomes a dough. Put it out onto a floured surface, knead a few times, roll to desired thickness, place onto cookie sheet and bake 12-15 minutes. Makes about 1 dozen.
Now, according to Shirley Corriher, the secret of really tall fluffy biscuits is doing all the above except the dough should be as wet as you can possibly handle. It should not be kneaded, but just rolled or patted very gently to about 1" thickness, cut with a 2" cutter, then packed into a 9" square baking pan fairly tightly. I did some like that and they were just the right size for pork tenderloin buffet sandwiches. Those were also not made with White Lily, but with plain old Gold Medal self-rising, and they came out just fine.
Two things: first, with White Lily you have plenty of leeway in handling the dough before it even THINKS about getting tough on you. I like to make a game, though, of making a sloppy untidy dough, hardly handling it at all, and still managing to make coherent biscuits! Second, last time I made them I was actually making biscuit-strip dumplings, so I rolled it out to about 1/4". Then, after I'd used only about half the strips and my pot was full, I just put the remaining strips on a cookie sheet and baked them. They were crisp, like extremely rich crackers, and very light and very good.
Yes, My mom's strawberry shortcake, which is truly the best in the world, is the above-mentioned biscuit recipes with about 1/4 to 1/3 cup of sugar added. She makes a big round disc, bakes that, and then cuts it into wedges with strawberries and whipped cream. Heaven.
Also, I live in So Cal, where there is no White Lily. I recently made excellent biscuits using the Gourmet cookbook recipe, substituting half of the butter for lard. I used King Arthur all-purpose flour with some baking powder and a little baking soda. They had the layer thing going on, even. The secret really is not handling the dough too much. Good luck.