Why did my blend of raw ginger, garlic & onion turn aqua?
Freaky. I tossed some white onion, yellow onion, garlic cloves and fresh ginger in the blender for a butter paneer masala recipe. I had a little too much, so I put the uncooked portion in the fridge, and shazam! it turned sort of aqua-y in color. It's not old enough to be mold, so I'm gussing that there is some nifty chemistry thing going on. Anyone have a good guess?
Remember in high school chemistry class those little strips that were used to test pH level, they turned different colours? Those strips are made using anthocyanins, water-based pigments that naturally occur in the plant world. Anthocyanins change colour according to the pH level of a solution (base = green/yellow, neutral = blue/purple, acidic = red). Anthocyanins in garlic appear on the base end of the scale because the vegetable is low acid.
Probably what happened here is that the sulfur compounds released by the onions mixed with water released by the ginger (or did you add some water?) to create a weak sulfuric acid (the same reaction that makes us cry when cutting onions). The sulfuric acid changed the pH level in the mixture causing a reaction that turned the anthocyanin in the garlic blue. The change occurs on a molecular level, altering light absorption and reflection, similar to the way leaves change colour in the fall.
It is harmless to eat.
Garlic contains a compound that turns blue under acidic conditions (vinegar, wine, lemon juice. I wonder if ginger is acidic enough?
Chopped garlic can turn blue under non-acidic conditions if the sulfur compounds in the garlic react with copper to form copper sulfate, which is blue. I think there is also a possibility that other metals (iron, aluminum) might react with different color results(?) It only takes a trace of metal... tap water
Bottom line is that if either of these things happen, your garlic mixture is still safe to eat and there should not be any taste change.
This is so interesting! I just ate garlic bread I cooked, with the following ingredients: lemon juice, salt, pepper, garlic and butter. It was wrapped in aluminium foil also, and turned greenish blue...made me think exactly of copper sulfate from a science experiment at high school, and also of the copper patina on metal (I am a ceramic artist, so have some chemistry interest and knowledge), so my guess was that copper was involved somewhere along the line. Yay science!
I've actually seen a blueish-aqua tint to ginger, just under the skin.
Never had anything like this happen with garlic. Good to know so I won't faint dead away if it happens in future.
I will not fear, but embrace the bluish mix, though it continues to be a rather unappetizing color after I add the tumeric and tomatoes for the masala.
Hmmm, wonder if it would look funny in soup?
Thanks for all the responses here. I thought I was going crazy for the last 2 days or so. I made some butter dipping sauce with garlic, lemon and parsley. Once I let everything fuse in the butter for about 3 to 5 minutes on low heat, the garlic started to turn this like radio-active blueish color! It was not very appetizing looking to me at least, and it kind of freaked me out. It did taste ok though. so I ended up straining the sauce to get the "blue" garlic out of there. Today I spent more than half a day trying to figure out what caused this. Then I finally went online. I was going to send an email to Food Network, but then I thought they might think I may have been smoking something. Then I found this other website about Garlic, and they talked about this Blue and Green color chemical thing that can happen with garlic under certain conditions... Then I found this website and read all the comments. Wow, strange but interesting. Do professional chefs know about this issue? I would think so hey? I would like to be able to leave the garlic in the sauce without it turning blue though? It's done with shrimp scampi right? Any thoughts are welcome.
Here, it's known:
Harold McGee also wrote about it in his column in the NY Times a few weeks back:
I found a copy of that article here:
as well as a few more comments from him here:
This is happening to me now. Freaked out! Chopped my yellow onion and garlic in my chopper as I usually do. Roast is in crockpot salted and peppered. Spread onion and garlic on top of roast as well as around. Checked my roast 1 hour later and voila blue green coloured onions and garlic on top of the roast. Is this safe????
In the Chinese restaurant, the large containers (1 qt) of ginger that we peeled and chopped up would go funky technicolor if not used the same night. Don't know if they used wine, vinegar or lemon juice (or something else) to "stabilize" it to keep the musty/stale taste away.
Harmless color change - chef said don't worry.
About color-changing garlic, however, I don't know...