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best method for boiling potatoes?

  • w

Excuse the ignorant question, but I have heard varying reports on whether it's best to boil potatoes in salted or unsalted water, and also whether to start them in cold water or hot. Any thoughts would be appreciated. Thanks!

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  1. There's absolutely nothing wrong with your question. I've been cooking for many years and I'm not sure I've been doing it correctly, although I haven't had any complaints. I drop potatoes into salted boiling water. I'm always open to suggestions though.

    1 Reply
    1. re: Pat Hammond

      Cold water or boiling water? It doesn't really matter. The important thing is to cook them until they're just done. Overcooking will waterlog them and leach out the flavor.

    2. I remember when I studied at the french culinary institute they said to start the taters in cold slightly salted water but for the life of me i can't remember why. They also said to cook them until they were just barely cooked (fork test) then dump out the water and let them sit in the hot pot for five minutes to steam and dry off. again i can't 'member why.

      4 Replies
      1. re: the rogue

        I do that "sit in the pot and steam" thing too. I put a folded tea towel over the potatoes to absorb the steam though. You get a nice mealy potato that way. I think I learned that from an old Joy of Cooking. pat

        1. re: Pat Hammond

          My husband comes from a large Irish family so potato cookery is essential in any of our households. In fact, he's the pro in our home. First, he tests for doneness with a fork, not a knife--much more accurate testing tool. When making mashed spuds, he always dumps the cooked potatoes into a colander than tosses them back in the pan at medium heat, and tosses the potatoes in the pan until they get a floury surface. It dries the surface moisture and makes for a fluffier, superior mashed spud. It's actually taken on a ritual quality at Thanksgiving :).

        2. re: the rogue

          I seem to remember, from culinary school as well, that starting the taters in cold, salted water prevents osmosis (loss of flavor) and allows for more even cooking and heat penetration from outside to inside, than by starting them in boiling water. Then, of course, letting them steam to dry results in a non-soggy potato.
          Lately, I've been steaming my potatoes and I like the results better than boiling, they're fluffier and retain a good potato flavor.

          1. re: bushwickgirl

            I prefer the increased flavor from steaming, too - and even more so, steaming with the skin on. When cooked. spear the spud on a fork and scrape a serrated knif over the skin to peel. It comes off easily with virtually no waste of potato flesh, but to preserve my own, I keep a bowl of cold water handy, to dip my fingers in if they get too hot.

        3. I just made gnocchi today in school. Here's how we boil potatoes to use for recipes like gnocchi or puree or pommes dauphine, etc.

          Preheat your oven to warm.

          Wash your potatoes. Prep a bowl of cold water. Peel your potatoes well, removing all dark bits. Hold in the water.

          If you're using very large potatoes, halve them lengthwise and cut them into large chunks - about 8 total. The idea is to have roughly uniform pieces that will cook about the same time.

          Rinse your potatoes well. Place them in a large pot with cold water to cover about an inch. Use a pot large enough so that it won't boil over. Use cold water because otherwise your potatoes will overcook on the outside before they cook enough on the inside. Do not salt yet or you will wait longer for your water to boil because salt raises the boiling temperature of water.

          Heat the water to a boil and then salt. Cook at a full boil until the potatoes are tender - test them with a sharp paring knife until there is no resistance. Do not overcook them.

          Drain them - do not rinse. Turn them out to a pan large enough to hold them in a single layer and dry them out in the oven. Turn them occasionally but do not allow them to form a crust.

          Mill or rice while warm.

          Do you want to know the method for just boiled peeled pototoes to serve as is too?

          1 Reply
          1. re: Louisa Chu

            Thanks for that. Please do share your serving method for just-boiled potatoes.

            Link: http://meglioranza.com

          2. IMHO, the best way to boil potatoes is to cut them (about 2 Cups) in half, then slice them in uniform thickness, put them in a microwave pot (The Pampered Chef has some with strainer tops), pour in a can of Campbell's chicken broth and 1/2 can of cold or RT filtered water, add salt, microwave on high for 8-10 minutes. Mash russets. Stir white rose or similar creamy textured potatoes with a little butter and mozzarella cheese.

            1 Reply
            1. re: kc girl

              I second the microwave method, with one exception...you don't need any liquid if you don't want to add any. There is enough water in the potatoes to cook them properly and there is no draining needed. I've usually do about 2 pounds at a time this way. I never peel them, either.

              I have been cooking potatoes like this for years. The best thing about the m-wave is you can't overcook the potatoes. Check after 8 minutes and if they aren't to your liking nuke them some more.

            2. There is no such thing as an ignorant or rather a stupid question. Thanks to yours, this cook joined the Chow hound blog. Best methods are discovered as we experiment in creative cooking...that is, each recipe & cooking event elicits the best way for me to cook.
              So it would be best to boil potatoes in unsalted water if you were cooking for someone who was a diabetic, perhaps. If you like what salt does for the taste of your recipe, then use salt.

              My stupid questiion had to do with whether or not to cover the pot of boiling potatoes. As I reviewed the source of the question which had to do about authority figures in my life and taking ownership of my life and choices, i realized there is no the right or best way of doing anything, we simply need to experinent/experience & decide, based on our philosophy or way.
              My first chef/teacher 50 years ago in the school of hard knocks, ordered me to remove the tops from the boiling potatoes. I never asked why. But i took him to mean that you never put a top on potatoes when they aRE BOILING. But now I know it depends on what your reasons are, he wanted to be able to test them for doneness without having to remove the tope each time. This morning i boiled potatoes with salt & with the top on because i decided to be the authority. The results of my choices have yet to be tasted in the form of 'Great Grapa Bernie's Potato Salad", but I'll keep you posted...after the great-grandson eats it..

              1. 1. Put in cold salted water and then bring to a boil so that they are evenly cooked.


                2. Steam

                1. If you have a pressure cooker, put the potatoes and at least 1 cup of water or your favorite broth in the pot. Bring pressure up to 15 lbs, cook for 6 min and use quick release method or run cold water over pot to release pressure. (Adjust time for less than 15 psi cooker.)

                  Using this method the broth is infused better into the potatoes by the pressure.

                  1 Reply
                  1. re: al b. darned

                    How about if you don't have a pressure cooker? Any other way to infuse the potatoes with the broth flavor, like say poking holes in the potatoes with a fork?

                  2. In "On Food and Cooking", there is the definitive method for boiling potatoes. The potatoes are started in cold water, and when the water temperature reaches 130 degrees Fahrenheit, the heat is turned down and they are held at about that temperature for 20 minutes. This causes the cell walls of the potatoes to firm up. After that, the heat goes back up, and the potatoes are boiled until done. This is the method I use for making potato salad, any my potatoes never get mushy and gummy. For making mashed, however, I just boil the potatoes until done.

                    IMHO, one of the best tools to use for checking doneness is the humble wire cake tester. I find that when I use a fork or knife repeatedly to test for doneness, the potatoes get soggy and water logged.

                    1. What about salt potatoes? 1 cup of salt in a big pot of water (2-3 qt) , 2+# of small white/red thin skinned potatoes. Cook until fork tender, drain, return to pot and add butter and more salt and pepper before serving! Heaven!, we found this in central New York State and they have become a staple in our potato rotation. Creamy and smooth, and the salt is not as big a taste as we would have guessed. We had them first time at a fleamarket in the Finger Lakes regions.

                      3 Replies
                      1. re: breakfastfan

                        Now I've done salt roasted potatoes but never salt boiled...I think there are a few large salt mines in the Finger Lakes region of NY, obviously they have a surfeit of salt!

                        1. re: bushwickgirl

                          Those who are STEAMING potatoes--are you quartering them first (or whatever) and how big of a steamer set up do you have. I mean, I steam veggies on the stove top uisng a n insert basket over a pot of boiling water, average size. I cant imagine what to do if I needed potatoes for 10!!!???

                          1. re: mtomto

                            I steam in one of those metal steamers with the collapsible fins, so I can use pans of varying diameters but no, I could not do more than a couple of pounds at a time. If i use ping-pong ball sized potatoes I do them whole. Larger ones are halved or quartered so they are about the same volume as a jumbo egg. If I wanted to maximize the number I could do at once, I'd use a round cake-cooling rack and elevate it using biscuit cutters or empty cans.

                      2. I never cooked potatoes before but i was wondering what heat to cook them at i tried high I'm just not sure if its right?

                        1. Don't. I haven't boiled a potato in years.

                          For recipes that need boiled ones, I either steam them or bake them.

                          1. Ive never boiled potatoes. I peel (if peeling my potatoes) into pot I'm going to cook them in. Or into a large bowl of cold water to keep from turning brown if doing a lot. Cut in half if there huge. Rinse. Put an inch and half of water (dosnt matter the temp.) Cover. Bring to a boil. Lower to a simmer. Cook 20-25 mins. Use water for gravy if making.

                            Same goes for corn only 10 min cooking time. Never boiled in full pot of water.