How to Grocery Shop - build a pantry?
I need help. I love to cook, but find myself running to the market every night with recipe in hand to get what I need for that night's dinner. I can't keep doing that - the money is adding up and I just want to come right home after work. The problem is, I can't seem to shop for the week. I went to the market yesterday and was at loss at what to get to keep me in lunch and dinner for the week. How do you do this? Do you plan the meals for the week and shop? Or just pick up key ingredients and decide each night? What are the top 5 items you stock the pantry with?
I do just about the same thing, and have just about the same pantry items, as everyone else who posted. But I have to do something additional to get around my own particular brand of madness, which is an obsession with making things a new way every time. I actually forget which are easy "staple" meals that I like to make again and again, because my habits of cooking by whim and constantly improvising have been so deeply ingrained. I'm now building a list that is posted in my kitchen, wtih just the names of the dishes--chicken with lemon and olives, lamb with cinnamon tomato sauce, pasta with cauliflower, etc.--that bear repetition, so I can remember to shop to the recipes and not get distracted in the store and buy stuff I don't have time to figure out what to do with.
I tend to plan meals by entree category rather than buying ingredients for a particular dish. I figure two chicken dishes per week, one beef, one fish or shrimp, one vegetarian/pasta, and then two nights off for either leftovers, fend for yourself, or eating out. So I usually have some chicken cutlets and whole cut up chicken in the freezer as well as ground beef and fish fillets like cod or salmon. In the fridge I keep onions, garlic, celery, carrots, and a couple of cheeses as well as baking goods. In the pantry, olive oil, jasmine rice, swanson organic chicken broth, tuna, pastas, canned tomatoes. I keep stocked up on lots of other items but these are the cooking basics. I buy enough veggies to cook for two or three nights- I use what I have on hand for the entree. Some recipes I repeat a lot: salmon salad, chicken soup/chicken in the pot, herb roasted chicken cutlets, turkey meatloaf, meatballs, spaghetti meat sauce, pasta primavera, sauteed shrimp. Hope this helps.
Sunday is EPI-surfing day; I write down things that interest me in my diary, and any ingredients which I know I don't have in my pantry. Then I work around that for the week, making sure that some of this stuff can be reworked into wraps and sandwiches and salads for lunch.
As for your basic pantry, it depends what you like to eat; things with sauces, things that are spicy, asian or mexican influences, etc.
I try not to be without:
1. Soy sauce, limes and lemon, honey (chicken, fish, soba noodles, stir fry, asian-style salad)
2. olive oil, hard grating cheese, canned tomatoes, bacon (pastas, sauces for chicken and fish)
3. tomatoes, onions, garlic, salad leaves, fresh fruit
4. basmati rice, pasta,wraps
5. curry powder, cinnamon, dried green herb
In the fridge:
eggs, milk, plain yoghurt
And in the freezer:
peas, corn, asparagus tips, chopped parsley, sliced bread, mince or calamari rings
If you bake a lot, you'll need a whole other shelf of baking basics, too.
I'm currently living in Italy, so it's pretty much impossible to buy food on Saturday and Thursday afternoons, and all of sunday. This kind of pantry has worked out well - there's always something to eat!
First of all I assume that I already have tea, milk and sugar. These items transcend the pantry.
If I had only five items to stock a pantry with, I would choose
1. canned beans (black, garbanzo, kidney, pinto)
2. rices (brown short grain and white basmati)
3. Muir Glen organic canned tomatoes (regular diced and fire-roasted with chiles)
4. chile powder
5. alliums (yellow onions, garlic, and third type like leek or scallion)
and I must also have:
8. bacon (If I have bacon drippings, I can live without olive oil.)
9. collard greens
10. cheddar cheese
11. a good whole-grain sliced bread
12. jams (apricot and strawberry)
14. Barilla dried tortellini (3 cheese flavor)
16. frozen asparagus
17. frozen ground beef (Fresh-ground an hour before I froze it!)
18. canned tuna in oil
19. Bubbies bread and butter pickle chips
There's a book you might like. It's been recommended by several chowhounds... "What to Cook When You Think There's Nothing in the House to Eat" by Arthur Schwartz. He has a list of "top ten" ingredients and pantry staples with advice on how to select and store.
The rest of the book is a collection of easy recipes for meals and snacks made with easily available items. Each chapter centers on a major ingredient like apples, capers, potatoes, or sauerkraut. I love his recipes for cornbread and brownies and chocolate pudding.
Arthur's "top ten" ingredients: pasta, milk, eggs, onions, tuna, olove oil, vinegar, flour, cheese, rice.
And pantry staples: herbs/spices/extracts, honey, jellies/preserves, leavenings, maple syrup, mustard, pickles/condiments, sugar.
I think part of it depends on where you live. I live in NYC and cook only for myself, and I go to the store and buy one dinner recipe and one lunch recipe at a time (which will feed me for about 4 days), because that's all I can carry. Also, if I shopped once a week, things would be rotting before I could use them up all by myself. Either way, I definitely plan ahead what I am going to make/buy. Also, I need to visit maybe 3 stores to get all my ingredients, so I am at the shops pretty much every day.
I also live in NYC so I find it fairly easy to stop by the grocery store or butcher shop each day. I used to buy bigger packages of meat/chicken, but since my schedule (work hours, going out for drinks, dinner at the spur of the moment etc) changes so often, I wound up throwing out alot of food if i bought in bulk or for the week, etc.
I am also notoriously bad at using things once I put them in my freezer, so I'd rather spend a more money for small quantities rather than buying a family pack of chicken at a lower price per lb, when I'll probably find the rest of the chicken sitting in the back of my freezer in 2 years.
I still keep the staples on hand, including spices, pastas, canned corn, tons of hot sauce, flour, eggs, etc on hand. I typically have enough on hand to let me cook what I feel like and let me to quickly stop by a grocery store or butcher shop on the way home, pick up a piece of steak and some fresh veggies and be ready to make dinner.
I am the same way about the frozen stuff. During the blackout my house-sitting friend was throwing away the stuff in my freezer and was horrified by how old some stuff in there was. And whenever I do manage to defrost something, I end up going out to dinner last minute and can't use it anway. I really find shopping day-to-day so much easier.
The best part about having a freezer full of leftovers that I never eat was during the blackout my freezer stayed cold alot longer. I was able to keep the Brita pitcher cooler longer and managed to save a few ice cubes too. Definintely needed after hoofing it up 24 flights to my apartment.
When I was single and lived alone I had the same problem. I was at the store way too much, couldn't think ahead and was subject to the food-whim-of-the-day. But when I got married last year and gained two stepkids I rigidly forced myself to plan meals and grocery shop once a week.
I take into account the household schedules (ball games, meetings, part-time jobs etc.) for the coming week, survey the pantry and freezer and then glean inspiration from magazines or cookbooks. I plan for leftovers to use as brown bag lunches the following day. This rigid system has helped me survive the chaos of a new stepfamily. I did expect to have my whim-of-the-day come into conflict with the planned meals, but surprisingly it hasn't happened. I find myself looking forward to what I've already planned, and I like not having to plan a meal after a hard day at work.
Occasionally, I'll pick up some key ingredients (for example: mushrooms, spinach and cheese) and give myself two options to use these ingredients with based on staples in the pantry (pasta or pizza). I also always keep on hand the ingredients for a quick no-brain dinner, either a pre-made meal in the freezer or pasta, a jar of sauce and frozen garlic bread.
Basics in my pantry or fridge include a large variety of herbs and spices, evoo, nuts, garlic, onions, lemons, dried pasta, canned and dried beans, vinegars, hard cheese of some kind, a can of tomatoes and a can of tomato paste.
With two kids at home the last thing I want to do is run to the grocery store every day so I have learned to grocery shop like my mother did and I laugh about it everytime I think I'm turning into my her!!! I check my supermarkets website early in the week, usually Sunday or Monday, and use my recipes for the meat/poultry/fish on sale and build on that. I plan my meals for the week and go. I try to buy only from the outer loop of the store (produce, meats/fish, dairy) weekly and get the staples, which are in the interior isles, monthly. This usually works so I only have to step into the grocery store once a week, unless we decide to entertain over the weekend and then I may have to go again. Also, since it is almost time for the farmer's market, I will buy less produce at the grocery store and run to the farmer's market to pick up some stuff, but I make this a fun outing for the kids so I don't consider it a chore. As far as building a pantry, I think every pantry is different based on your taste. If you cook italian a lot, stock up on cans of tomatos, if you cook mexician, make sure you have a lot of rice and beans, etc. I find we have about 15 dinners that I seem to rotate, or make slight variations to, so I try to buy what we use when it is on sale and I find I do more of my "staple shopping" at Target or Walmart since their prices are usually better that the supermarket. Hope this helps...
re: Flour Child
pasta with a variation of protein, say chicken/shrimp/ham with veggies usually in a cream or wine/broth sauce; different quiches; grilled steak, salmon, chicken, pork; stir fry and depending on the protein, with different veggies; I make meatballs close to once every week or two, but sometimes I put them in a red sauce over pasta and sometimes in brown gravy over egg noodles; every so often I make "breakfast for dinner" and we pretend we are at the diner with pancakes or waffles, eggs, toast, ham and fruit salad (my four year old loves when we do this) I use kraft deluxe mac and cheese and mix in either chop meat or cut up cooked chicken breast and chopped tomatoes; boneless chicken with either a can of cream of mushroom soup or flavored diced tomatoes covered and baked; breaded, baked chicken or fish...for sides we always have a salad, some carb, although I'm trying really hard lately to make it either brown rice (we go through a lot of boxes of Minute brown rice) whole wheat pasta or egg noodles, or something else "higher in fiber" and a veggie if it is not already part of the meal...it is funny, as I'm writing this, I realize nothing much is gourmet!! You would think, as a stay at home mom, I would be slaving in the kitchen all day whipping up gourmet meals for my family!! I usually save those meals for the weekends when my husband is around to entertain the kids while I'm in the kitchen..hope this helps
I usually only cook for myself and a friend... or go visit family and cook in large quantities. Cooking in large quantities is easier and more fulfilling.
I try not to impulse shop anymore and don't go to the store without a list. I try and decide upon a few large batch recipes each week. I then cook up a few big batches of food on weekends and then put two meals worth into a bunch of one quart labelled and dated freezer bags and freeze them laid out flat. Then store upright in a small wire holder that is the perfect size. I can flip through the meals and pull out what I want. Things like from scratch pasta/meat sauce, sweet and sour European saurkraut with pork, beef stew, chicken soup, chicken marsala, etc.
I usually have around a dozen different choices in the freezer to pick from. Since I started doing this I eat out less often, have more quality cooking time when I want and fast meals the rest of the time. I am spending less money and am eating tastier and healthier. When I eat out I am seeking out new and unusual instead of quick food.
I buy the family packages of meats, and most especially boneless chicken thighs. I then repackage them into freezer ziplocs in one meal portions. They defrost fast in cold water and I cut into pieces for stir fries and sautees while they are still partially frozen and cook them this way. I can get them brown outside and still juicy inside.
I keep certain frozen veggies in the freezer in the large bags. Usually corn and peas. Frozen loaves of good quality sliced bread and burger buns. Also a quality ice cream. I always have celery, carrots, garlic, hot peppers, and sweet onions in the fridge. I then buy lettuce when I need it and try to use it all up right away.
I have a fully stocked pantry with boxes of pasta, canned tomatoes, tomato paste, several soy and fish sauces, every spice there is, assorted bread crumbs, some canned fruit like pear and peach halves for poaching for desert (for serving over ice cream or fresh whipped real cream). Preserves, pickles, mayo, ketchup, mustards, hot sauces, honey, maple syrup, vinegars, oils, etc.
I also can some homemade pickles, preserves, hot sauces, preserved citrus, ginger syrup, etc. and have them in the pantry as well. My pantry is an extra closet in my entranceway that I put shelves in. I can change the shelf heights as needed for different items.
I managed to start every paragraph in this post with "I". Hmmm...
Hmm - top 5 that is tough for a chowhound
Hot sauce (LOTS of it)
For fresh I usually make sure to have
We also have two freezers with lots of staples and make double batches of certain dishes for quicker meals
So we usually have:
Bag of frozen shrimp
Frozen pie crusts
In the summer we have a fairly significant garden(for the two of us) So we also have a lot of homemade tomato sauce, frozen hot peppers and vegetable stocks
It took me a while to get into the groove of not shopping everyday because I would decide I wanted Greek and had to go get dill and yogurt etc - I am better at sticking to what I have as always what I crave.
We also have loads of dried spices and spice mixes to that can cut down on having to run out for ingredients every night
That's a pretty good list.
For produce, I would add garlic and lose the tomatoes. In these parts (NE), canned tomatoes trump fresh tomatoes all but two months a year. And since we get five, I'll add lemons. If I could add a few more, parsley, potatoes, scallions and a dark leafy green, probably kale, are usually the things I throw in the basket when I don't know what I'm making.
I'm going to give a longer list for the pantry. I would say my most basic basics are:
Vinegars - balsamic, and I make my own red wine
A full array of spices
Flour/sugar/other basic baking supplies
My second-tier importance items are those that I don't necessarily use every day, but having them around makes cooking easier. I replace the basics the moment they run out, but the second-tier are replaced either as I plan to use them (buy two) or in a "big shop" every few months when stocks get depleted.
Toasted sesame oil
Sun-dried tomatoes (in oil)
Citrus oils (orange, lemon)
Roasted red peppers, jarred
In my freezer, I normally keep
All sorts of nuts
Lots of meat (I buy from the farmer in large quantities)
Lots of stock (mostly homemade)
Homemade pesto cubes
Ice cubes of lemon and lime juice, in case I run out of fresh. Juice fresh fruit when on sale.
Filo dough, puff pastry
Planned leftovers (single-serving chili and so on)
One thing that has helped me stay out of the grocery stores has been sticking to one cuisine for a week. I generally cook big meals Saturday and Sunday and plan to have simple meals during the week. (Easy for me, admittedly, since I live alone.) I plan to freeze some leftovers to have ready-to-go lunchs. But I also buy ingredients that are related to whatever major dish I'm making. So if I'm planning to make a Greek lamb dish, I'll also pick up lemons and olives and feta, even if the dish doesn't call for them, because I can probably integrate the bits and pieces of leftovers from the meal into another dish if the ingredients are traditionally used together. I get variety from using up the frozen lunches from other weeks.
I freeze lots of little bits of things, too - chucks of fresh ginger, a few spoonsful of tomato paste, and find these things do come in handy.
Those perforated produce bags have saved me a lot of shopping, too. My lettuce and things last a lot longer.
Oh, and I always, always have eggs in the house.
Ah, the well stocked pantry, a favorite subject of mine. I agree with other posters that the key to going to the grocery only once or twice a week is to menu plan for dinners/lunches and shop from there. This is what I do and if there is an ingredient or two that should be "day-of" fresh, I will pick those up on that day...otherwise once a week in addition to my stocked pantry is enough. What your staples are really depends on how you cook. My pantry/freezer/fridge always has:
Herbs and spices
balsamic and sherry vinegar
Sauces: Soy, fish, hot
fresh: lemons, ginger, garlic, potatoes
Canned: tomatoes, tomato paste, anchovies, tuna, curry paste, beans, chicken broth
Dried: rice, pasta, cornmeal, beans
capers and olives
white and red wine
natural peanut butter
frozen puff pastry and spinach